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Afroaves


Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Afroaves
Updated: 2017-04-14T19:07Z
Afroavians
Temporal range: Paleocene to present
Snowy Owl - Schnee-Eule.jpg
Snowy owl, Bubo scandiacus
Scientific classification e
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class:Aves
Clade:Telluraves
Clade:Afroaves
Ericson, 2012
Subclades

Afroaves is a clade of birds, consisting of the kingfishers and kin (Coraciiformes), woodpeckers and kin (Piciformes), hornbills and kin (Bucerotiformes), trogons (Trogoniformes), cuckoo roller (Leptosomatiformes), mousebirds (Coliiformes), owls (Strigiformes), raptors (Accipitriformes) and New World vultures (Cathartiformes).[1][2] The most basal clades are predatory, suggesting the last common ancestor of the group was also.[3]

Afroaves
Accipitrimorphae

Accipitriformes (hawks and relatives)Gyps fulvus -Basque Country-8 white background.jpgMaakotka (Aquila chrysaetos) by Jarkko Järvinen white background.jpg



Cathartiformes (New World vultures)Black Vulture RWD2013A white background.jpg





Strigiformes (owls)Tyto alba -British Wildlife Centre, Surrey, England-8a (1) white background.jpg


Coraciimorphae

Coliiformes (mousebirds)


Eucavitaves

Leptosomatiformes (cuckoo roller)


Cavitaves

Trogoniformes (trogons)Trogon surrucura brazil white background.jpg


Picocoraciae

Bucerotiformes (hornbills and relatives)Nordlig hornkorp white background.jpg


Picodynastornithes

CoraciformesHalcyon smyrnensis in India (8277355382) white background.jpg



PiciformesDendrocopos major -Durham, England -female-8 white background.jpgRamphastos toco -Stadtgärtnerei Zürich - 20100919 white background.jpg









Cladogram of Afroaves relationships based on Prum, R.O. et al. (2015)[1] with some clade names after Yury, T. et al. (2013).[4]

References

  1. ^ a b Prum, R.O. et al. (2015) A comprehensive phylogeny of birds (Aves) using targeted next-generation DNA sequencing. Nature 526, 569–573.
  2. ^ Ericson, P.G. (2012). "Evolution of terrestrial birds in three continents: biogeography and parallel radiations" (PDF). Journal of Biogeography. 39 (5): 813–824. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2699.2011.02650.x. 
  3. ^ Jarvis, E. D.; Mirarab, S.; Aberer, A. J.; Li, B.; Houde, P.; Li, C.; Ho, S. Y. W.; Faircloth, B. C.; Nabholz, B.; Howard, J. T.; Suh, A.; Weber, C. C.; Da Fonseca, R. R.; Li, J.; Zhang, F.; Li, H.; Zhou, L.; Narula, N.; Liu, L.; Ganapathy, G.; Boussau, B.; Bayzid, M. S.; Zavidovych, V.; Subramanian, S.; Gabaldon, T.; Capella-Gutierrez, S.; Huerta-Cepas, J.; Rekepalli, B.; Munch, K.; et al. (2014). "Whole-genome analyses resolve early branches in the tree of life of modern birds" (PDF). Science. 346 (6215): 1320–1331. PMC 4405904Freely accessible. PMID 25504713. doi:10.1126/science.1253451. 
  4. ^ Yuri, T.; et al. (2013). "Parsimony and Model-Based Analyses of Indels in Avian Nuclear Genes Reveal Congruent and Incongruent Phylogenetic Signals". Biology. 2 (1): 419–444. PMC 4009869Freely accessible. PMID 24832669. doi:10.3390/biology2010419. 


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