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Asia Cooperation Dialogue

Updated: 2017-07-10T14:44Z
Asia Cooperation Dialogue
Member states in yellow
Member states in yellow
TypeRegional cooperation organizations
• Secretary-General
Thailand Bundit Limschoon[1]

The Asia Cooperation Dialogue (ACD) is an inter-governmental organization created on 18 June 2002 to promote Asian cooperation at a continental level and to help integrate separate regional organizations such as ASEAN, SAARC, the Gulf Cooperation Council, and the Eurasian Economic Union.


It is the main objective of the former Thai Prime Minister to form the Asia Co-operation Dialogue or the forerunner to the Asian Union. The ACD's main members states are Pakistan, Kuwait, Qatar, Sri Lanka, Turkey, Indonesia, Thailand, Uzbekistan, China and Japan, the so-called Major Ten ACD Nations.[2]

The idea of an Asia Cooperation Dialogue was raised at the First International Conference of Asian Political Parties (held in Manila between 17–20 September 2000) by Surakiart Sathirathai, then deputy leader of the now defunct Thai Rak Thai Party, on behalf of his party leader, Thaksin Shinawatra, then Prime Minister of Thailand. It was suggested that Asia as a continent should have its own forum to discuss Asia-wide cooperation. Afterwards, the idea of the ACD was formally put forward during the 34th ASEAN Foreign Ministers Meeting in Hanoi, 23–24 July 2001 and at the ASEAN Foreign Ministers Retreat in Phuket, 20–21 February 2002.

Ministerial Meetings

1st Thailand, Cha Am18–19 June 2002
2nd Thailand, Chiang Mai21–22 June 2003
3rd China, Qingdao21–22 June 2004
4th Pakistan, Islamabad4–6 April 2005
5th Qatar, Doha23–24 May 2006
6th South Korea, Seoul5–6 June 2007
7th Kazakhstan, Astana16–17 October 2008
8th[3] Sri Lanka, Colombo15–16 October 2009
9th Iran, Tehran8–9 November 2010
10th Kuwait, Kuwait City10–11 October 2012
11th[4] Tajikistan, Dushanbe29 March 2013
12th[5] Bahrain, Manama26 November 2013
13th[6] Saudi Arabia, Riyadh25 November 2014
14th[7] Thailand, Bangkok9-10 March 2016


I Kuwait, Kuwait City15 - 17 October 2012
II Thailand, Bangkok8-10 October 2016
III Iran, Tehran2018[8]


The main objectives of the ACD are to:

  1. Promote interdependence among Asian countries in all areas of cooperation by identifying Asia's common strengths and opportunities which will help reduce poverty and improve the quality of life for Asian people whilst developing a knowledge-based society within Asia and enhancing community and people empowerment;
  2. Expand the trade and financial market within Asia and increase the bargaining power of Asian countries in lieu of competition and, in turn, enhance Asia's economic competitiveness in the global market;
  3. Serve as the missing link in Asian cooperation by building upon Asia's potentials and strengths through supplementing and complementing existing cooperative frameworks so as to become a viable partner for other regions;
  4. Ultimately transform the Asian continent into an Asian Community, capable of interacting with the rest of the world on a more equal footing and contributing more positively towards mutual peace and prosperity.

Member States

Membership and expansion of the Asia Cooperation Dialogue
MaldivesBangladeshBhutanNepalSri LankaIndiaMyanmarThailandCambodiaLaosVietnamBruneiIndonesiaMalaysiaPhilippinesSingaporeAfghanistanPakistanTurkmenistanIranAzerbaijanKazakhstanKyrgyzstanTajikistanUzbekistanChinaRussiaTurkeyJapanMongoliaSouth KoreaBahrainKuwaitOmanQatarSaudi ArabiaUnited Arab EmiratesSouth Asian Association for Regional CooperationBay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic CooperationMekong–Ganga CooperationAssociation of Southeast Asian NationsShanghai Cooperation OrganisationTurkic CouncilEconomic Cooperation OrganizationGulf Cooperation CouncilAsia Cooperation Dialogue
A clickable Euler diagram showing the relationships between various Asian regional organisations vde

The ACD was founded by 18 members. Since March 2016, the organization consists of 34 states[9] as listed below (including all current members of ASEAN and the GCC). Overlapping regional organization membership in italics.

NameAccession dateRegional organization
 Afghanistan17 October 2012SAARC, ECO
 Bahrain18 June 2002GCC, AL
 Bangladesh18 June 2002SAARC, BIMSTEC
 Bhutan [t 1]27 September 2004SAARC, BIMSTEC
 Brunei18 June 2002ASEAN
 Cambodia18 June 2002ASEAN, MCG
 China18 June 2002SCO
 India18 June 2002SAARC, BIMSTEC, MGC
 Indonesia18 June 2002ASEAN
 Iran21 June 2004ECO
 Japan18 June 2002
 Kazakhstan [t 2]21 June 2003CIS, ECO, SCO
 South Korea18 June 2002
 Kuwait21 June 2003GCC, AL
 Kyrgyzstan[10]16 October 2008CIS, ECO, SCO
 Laos18 June 2002ASEAN, MCG
 Malaysia18 June 2002ASEAN
 Mongolia21 June 2004
 Myanmar18 June 2002ASEAN, BIMSTEC, MCG
   Nepal10 March 2016SAARC, BIMSTEC
 Oman21 June 2003GCC, AL
 Pakistan18 June 2002SAARC, ECO
 Philippines18 June 2002ASEAN,
 Qatar18 June 2002GCC, AL
 Russia [t 2]4 April 2005CIS, CoE, SCO
 Saudi Arabia4 April 2005GCC, AL
 Singapore18 June 2002ASEAN
 Sri Lanka21 June 2003SAARC, BIMSTEC
 Tajikistan5 June 2006CIS, ECO, SCO
 Thailand18 June 2002ASEAN, BIMSTEC, MCG
 Turkey[9][t 2]26 September 2013CoE,[t 3] ECO
 United Arab Emirates21 June 2004GCC, AL
 Uzbekistan5 June 2006CIS, ECO, SCO
 Vietnam18 June 2002ASEAN, MCG
  1. ^ One more membership request was finally confirmed at the ACD Breakfast Meeting of 27 September 2004
  2. ^ a b c Located partially in Europe.
  3. ^ Turkey is a European Union candidate since 1999.

See also


Further reading

External links

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