Close menu

Broward County, Florida


Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Broward_County,_Florida
Updated: 2017-09-08T12:29Z
Broward County, Florida
County
Broward County
Ft. Lauderdale, FL, Courthouse, Broward County, 11-21-2010 (10).JPG
The Broward County Courthouse in November 2010.
Logo of Broward County, Florida
Logo
Map of Florida highlighting Broward County
Location in the U.S. state of Florida
Map of the United States highlighting Florida
Florida's location in the U.S.
FoundedApril 30, 1915
Named forNapoleon Bonaparte Broward
Government
• Mayor

Barbara Sharief
SeatFort Lauderdale
Largest cityFort Lauderdale
Area
 • Total1,323 sq mi (3,427 km2)
 • Land1,210 sq mi (3,134 km2)
 • Water113 sq mi (293 km2), 8.5%
Population (est.)
 • (2016)1,909,632
 • Density1,445/sq mi (558/km²)
Congressional districts20th, 22nd, 23rd, 24th
Time zoneEastern: UTC-5/-4
Websitewww.broward.org

Broward County is a county in the U.S. state of Florida. As of 2016, the population was 1,909,632,[1] making it the second-most populous county in Florida and the 17th-most populous in the United States. Its county seat is Fort Lauderdale.[2]

Broward County is part of the Miami metropolitan area, which was home to an estimated 6,012,331 people at the 2015 census.

History

Although the area has been settled since about 1400 B.C., Broward County was founded on October 1, 1915.[3] It was named for Napoleon Bonaparte Broward, Governor of Florida from 1905 to 1909, remembered for his campaign to turn the Everglades into "useful land". It was originally intended to be named Everglades County, but then-Speaker of the Florida House of Representatives Ion Farris amended the bill that established the county to be named after Broward.[4] In 1915, Palm Beach County and Dade County contributed nearly equal portions of land to create Broward County.[3]

Broward County began a huge development boom after its incorporation, with the first "tourist hotel", in Fort Lauderdale, opening in 1919. A year later, developers began dredging wetlands in the county in order to create island communities.[3] By 1925, the boom was considered to have reached its peak, but a 1926 hurricane caused economic depression in the county.[3] The structure of county government was signed into law in 1975 with the passage of the Broward County charter.[3]

At its inception, Broward County was considered a leader in agricultural products and services within the State of Florida[citation needed], but the massive post-World War II buildup of South Florida transformed the region[citation needed]. It was one of the counties at the center of the 2000 U.S. Presidential election recount controversy[citation needed].

From 2008 to 2011, Broward County led the nation in new HIV/AIDS diagnoses, according to federal health officials.[5] The per capita cases of new infections in Broward has not decreased in over a decade, prompting government health agencies to direct more funding to AIDS prevention campaigns in Broward.[5] During that time period, Dade County was ranked number two nationally for the epidemic. However, as of January 31, 2014, those statistics have reversed, though not dramatically enough to be called an improvement. Some communities in the area have been affected disproportionately, with 48% of the afflicted being in black communities.[6] In Broward County, sexual education in public schools is not mandatory and the curriculum that is employed sporadically has not been updated in ten years or more, according to school officials. In 2013, the Broward County School Board held a vote to require schools to teach sex-ed at least once a year for every grade, a program slated to begin in the 2014-2015 school year if passed.[7]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,323 square miles (3,430 km2), of which 1,210 square miles (3,100 km2) is land and 113 square miles (290 km2) (8.5%) is water.[8]

Broward County has an average elevation of six feet (1.8 m) above sea level. It is rather new geologically and located at the eastern edge of the Florida Platform, a carbonate plateau created millions of years ago. Broward County is composed of Oolite limestone while western Broward is composed mostly of Bryozoa.[9] Broward is among the last areas of Florida to be created and populated with fauna and flora, mostly in the Pleistocene.

Of developable land in Broward County, approximately 471 square miles (1,219.9 km2), the majority is built upon, as the urban area is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the east and the Everglades Wildlife Management Area to the west. Within developable land, Broward County has a population density of 3,740 per square mile (1,444 per square kilometer).

Broward approved the construction of Osborne Reef, an artificial reef made of tires off the Fort Lauderdale beach, but it has proven an environmental disaster.[10]

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
19205,135
193020,094291.3%
194039,79498.0%
195083,933110.9%
1960333,946297.9%
1970620,10085.7%
19801,018,20064.2%
19901,255,48823.3%
20001,623,01829.3%
20101,748,0667.7%
Est. 20161,909,632[11]9.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[12]
1790-1960[13] 1900-1990[14]
1990-2000[15] 2010-2015[1]

2010 Census

U.S. Census Bureau 2010 Ethnic/Race Demographics:[16][17][18]

In 2010, 4.7% of the population considered themselves to be of only "American" ancestry (regardless of race or ethnicity.)[16]

As of 2010, Haitians made up the largest population of immigrants, with Jamaicans coming in second, Colombians in third, followed by Cuban exiled refugees in fourth place, then Peruvians, Venezuelans, Brazilians, Dominicans, Canadians, and Mexicans being the tenth highest group of expatriates.[21]

There were 810,388 households out of which 28.61% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.80% were married couples living together, 15.28% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.67% were non-families. 28.79% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.07% (3.31% male and 7.76% female) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 3.14.[16][22]

The age distribution is 22.4% under the age of 18, 8.4% from 18 to 24, 27.2% from 25 to 44, 27.7% from 45 to 64, and 14.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39.7 years. For every 100 females there were 93.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.0 males.[22]

The median income for a household in the county was $51,694, and the median income for a family was $62,619. Males had a median income of $44,935 versus $36,813 for females. The per capita income for the county was $28,631. About 9.1% of families and 12.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.2% of those under age 18 and 12.2% of those aged 65 or over.[23]

In 2010, 30.9% of the county's population was foreign born, with 49.2% being naturalized American citizens. Of foreign born residents, 77.4% were born in Latin America, 9.0% were born in Europe, 8.4% born in Asia, 3.5% in North America, 1.6% born in Africa, and 0.1% were born in Oceania.[16]

According to the 2010 U.S. Census,[24] Broward County is the 9th largest county with same sex households. As of the 2010 Census, there were 9,125 same sex households out of a total of 686,047 households (1.33%).[24]

2000 Census

As of the census of 2000, there were 1,623,018 people, 654,445 households, and 411,645 families residing in the county. The population density was 1,346 people per square mile (520/km²). There were 741,043 housing units at an average density of 615 per square mile (237/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 70.57% White (58% were Non-Hispanic),[25] 20.54% Black or African American, 0.24% Native American, 2.25% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 3.00% from other races, and 3.35% from two or more races. 16.74% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

In 2000, with relation to ancestry (excluding the various Hispanic and Latino ancestries), 9.4% were Italian, 7.4% American, 6.8% German, 6.7% Irish, and 4% English ancestry. Also, among West Indians, 5.99% were Haitian and were 5.91% Jamaican.[26] Broward was the only county in the nation outside the Northeast in which Italian-Americans formed the largest ethnic group in 2000. They are concentrated mainly in the Pompano Beach area.[26]

There were 654,445 households out of which 29.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.1% were married couples living together, 12.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.1% were non-families. 29.6% of all households were made up of individuals and % had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 3.07.

In the county, the population was spread out with 23.6% under the age of 18, 7.2% from 18 to 24, 31.4% from 25 to 44, 21.7% from 45 to 64, and 16.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 93.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.8 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $41,691, and the median income for a family was $50,531. Males had a median income of $36,741 versus $28,529 for females. The per capita income for the county was $23,170. About 8.7% of families and 11.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.3% of those under age 18 and 10.0% of those age 65 or over.

As of 2005, Broward County led the nation's metropolitan areas in new AIDS diagnoses, with a reported rate 58.4 new AIDS diagnoses per 100,000 people. County officials think the numbers may stem from a new and successful HIV testing campaign that has resulted in many people being diagnosed with AIDS at the same time they've been diagnosed with HIV.[27] Without the implementation of the new testing campaign, the reported numbers of new diagnoses would have probably been lower.

Languages

As of 2010, 63.44% of all residents spoke English as their first language, while 22.22% spoke Spanish, 5.42% French Creole (mostly Haitian Creole,) 1.48% Portuguese, 1.41% French, and 0.59% of the population spoke Italian as their mother language. In total, 36.56% of the population spoke languages other than English as their primary language.[28] Since many immigrants are coming from the Anglophone Caribbean, where English is spoken, the change is not as fast as the rate of immigration would suggest.[citation needed]

Education

Primary and secondary schools

Broward County Schools has the sixth largest school district in the country and the second largest in the state after Dade.

Accredited Colleges and universities

Other Adult Education Providers

Public libraries

The Broward County Library is one of the largest public library systems in the country, comprising 41 branch locations. There are also five municipal public libraries in the county that are not part of the Broward County Library: Ethel M. Gordon Oakland Park Library, Lighthouse Point Library, Helen B. Hoffman Plantation Library, and Parkland Public Library.

Community services

Community services in Broward County include Women in Distress (WID), a nationally accredited, state-certified, full service domestic violence center. WID works in partnership wit's office">Broward Sheriff's Office</ref>

Government

The Broward County Charter provides for a separation between the legislative and administrative functions of government. The Board of County Commissioners is the legislative branch of Broward County Government.

The County Commission is composed of nine members elected by district. Each Commissioner must be a resident of the district for which he or she seeks election. Each year the Commission elects a Mayor and Vice Mayor. The Mayor's functions include serving as presiding officer, and as the County's official representative. The Commission appoints the County Administrator, County Attorney and County Auditor. The Commission also appoints numerous advisory and regulatory boards.

Broward County Mayors
NameStart of TermEnd of Term
Barbara ShariefNov. 17, 2016Nov. 17, 2017
Marty KiarNov. 17, 2015Nov. 17, 2016
Tim RyanNov. 18, 2014Nov. 17, 2015
Barbara ShariefNov. 19, 2013Nov. 18, 2014

The County Commission meets in formal session the first four Tuesdays of each month at 10:00 a.m. in Room 422 of the Broward County Governmental Center. Over 507,000 cable subscribers in Broward County have access to Government-access television (GATV) coverage of Commission meetings, which are broadcast live beginning at 10:00 a.m. each Tuesday, and rebroadcast at 5:30 p.m. the following Friday. Meetings can also be viewed via webcasting at www.broward.org.

Economy

Silver Airways has its headquarters on the property of Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood International Airport in an unincorporated area. [29][30][31] Other companies with headquarters in unincorporated areas include Locair.[32]

When Chalk's International Airlines existed, its headquarters was on the grounds of the airport in an unincorporated area.[33] When Bimini Island Air existed, its headquarters were in an unincorporated area.[34]

Politics

Broward County Democratic Party Chairman Mitch Cesear speaks to activists, May 5, 2013.

Voter Registration

According to the Secretary of State's office, Democrats maintain a majority among registered voters in Broward County. The county is also one of the few counties in the state where Independents outnumber Republicans among registrants.

Broward County Voter Registration & Party Enrollment as of July 31, 2016[35]
Political PartyTotal VotersPercentage
Republican251,70221.69%
Independent292,11226.24%
Democratic507,97250.07%
Third Parties18,1571.65%
Total1,102,878100%

Statewide Elections

Over the past 50 years, Broward County has gone from solidly Republican to solidly Democratic. In the 1964 presidential election for example, the county supported Barry Goldwater by a 56-44 margin, even as he lost in a landslide nationwide, and in the 1972 presidential election, Broward County voters strongly backed Richard Nixon over George McGovern. From the 1976 presidential election onward, however, voters of Broward County have supported the Democratic presidential nominee over the Republican nominee by increasing majorities, except in the three Republican landslide elections of the 80s. Broward County is now the most reliably Democratic county in the state,[36][37] with the exception of the much less populous and majority African American Gadsden County in North Florida. This change in voting tendencies can be attributed to the large migrations of middle and upper-class snowbirds and transplants from more liberal states, a growing LGBT community, liberal positions on social issues such as abortion and gun control, and naturalized U.S. citizens born in places such as Latin America, the Caribbean, Canada, Europe, and Asia.

Previous Presidential Elections Results[38]
YearRepublicanDemocraticThird Parties
201631.16% 260,95166.08% 553,3202.76% 23,117
201232.23% 244,10167.12% 508,3120.65% 4,941
200832.34% 237,72967.02% 492,6400.64% 4,722
200434.61% 244,67464.21% 453,8731.18% 8,325
200030.93% 177,93967.41% 387,7601.66% 9,540
199628.29% 142,87063.51% 320,7798.20% 41,449
199230.92% 164,83251.85% 276,36117.23% 91,857
198850.00% 220,31649.54% 218,2740.46% 2,015
198456.68% 254,60843.32% 194,5840.01% 34
198055.95% 229,69335.64% 146,3238.42% 34,545
197647.15% 161,41151.55% 176,4911.30% 4,441
197272.41% 196,52827.31% 74,1270.28% 754
196854.50% 106,12229.07% 56,61316.43% 31,992
196455.49% 85,26444.51% 68,406
196058.82% 68,29441.18% 47,811
195672.45% 43,55227.55% 16,561
195269.10% 26,50630.90% 11,854
194850.88% 9,93336.35% 7,09612.76% 2,492
194447.45% 5,58352.55% 6,183
194038.31% 3,98861.69% 6,422
193630.30% 1,90669.70% 4,385
193234.27% 1,71765.73% 3,293
192863.63% 2,88934.45% 1,5641.92% 87
192441.45% 40742.87% 42115.68% 154
192044.24% 44241.54% 41514.21% 142
191622.57% 15854.57% 38222.86% 160
Previous Gubernatorial Elections Results
YearRepublicanDemocraticThird Parties
201429.52% 138,394 (Scott/Incumbent)68.02% 318,950 (Crist)2.46% 11,549
201033.40% 140,445 (Scott)64.59% 271,606 (Sink)2.01% 8,480
200635.09% 143,043 (Crist)62.81% 256,072 (Davis)2.10% 8,558
200240.02% 175,756 (Bush/Incumbent)59.05% 259,370 (McBride)0.93% 4,076
199837.93% 137,494 (Bush)62.07% 225,010 (McKay)0.00% 8
199434.61% 138,333 (Bush)65.39% 261,368 (Chiles/Incumbent)0.00% 11

Transportation

Street grid

A street grid stretches throughout Broward County. Most of this grid is loosely based on three primary eastern municipalities, (from South to North) Hollywood, Fort Lauderdale, and Pompano Beach. Deerfield Beach—another primary eastern municipality—has its own street grid, as do two smaller municipalities—Dania and Hallandale.

Major expressways

Railroads

Airports

Public transportation

Greenways System

Construction is underway on a network of recreational trails to connect cities and points of interest in the county.[39][40][41]

Communities

Map of Broward County Florida.svg

Municipality populations are based on the 2010 Census.[42]

#Incorporated CommunityDesignationDate incorporatedPopulation
2Coconut CreekCityFebruary 20, 196752,909
26Cooper CityCityJune 20, 195928,547
4Coral SpringsCityJuly 10, 1963121,096
23Dania BeachCityNovember 30, 190429,639
22DavieTownNovember 16, 192591,992
3Deerfield BeachCityJune 11, 192575,018
16Fort LauderdaleCityMarch 27, 1911165,521
31Hallandale BeachCityMay 11, 192737,113
8Hillsboro BeachTownJune 12, 19391,875
24HollywoodCityNovember 28, 1925140,768
11Lauderdale-by-the-SeaTownNovember 30, 19276,056
17Lauderdale LakesCityJune 22, 196132,593
18LauderhillCityJune 20, 195966,887
15Lazy LakeVillageJune 3, 195324
7Lighthouse PointCityJune 13, 195610,344
5MargateCityMay 30, 195553,284
28MiramarCityMay 26, 1955122,041
10North LauderdaleCityJuly 10, 196341,023
13Oakland ParkCityJune 10, 192941,363
1ParklandCityJuly 10, 196323,962
30Pembroke ParkTownOctober 10, 19576,102
27Pembroke PinesCityMarch 2, 1959154,750
20PlantationCityApril 30, 195384,955
6Pompano BeachCityJune 6, 190899,845
12Sea Ranch LakesVillageOctober 6, 1959670
25Southwest RanchesTownJune 6, 20007,345
19SunriseCityJune 22, 196184,439
9TamaracCityAugust 15, 196360,427
29West ParkCityMarch 1, 200514,156
21WestonCitySeptember 3, 199665,333
14Wilton ManorsCityMay 13, 194711,632

Formerly unincorporated neighborhoods

Census-designated places

Other unincorporated areas

Points of interest

Broward boasts numerous notable attractions, such as:

Additionally, with 23 miles of beach, Broward County is a popular destination for scuba diving, snorkeling, and droves of young Spring break tourists from around the world.[44][45]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "US Census 2015 Estimate". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 1, 2015. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011. 
  3. ^ a b c d e "broward county history". Greater Fort Lauderdale. Retrieved 2015-10-02. 
  4. ^ Reese, J. H (May 16, 1913). "Carved from Dade County". The Weekly Miami Metropolis. Miami, Florida. p. 7. Retrieved September 8, 2010. 
  5. ^ a b LaMendola, Bob. "Feds step in to fight Broward's stubborn AIDS epidemic". Sun-sentinel.com. Sun Sentinel. Retrieved 21 April 2015. 
  6. ^ "HIV/AIDS Statistics". Careresource.com. Retrieved 21 April 2015. 
  7. ^ Yi, Karen. "Broward school district plans to update sex ed". Sun-sentinel.com. Sun Sentinel. 
  8. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011. 
  9. ^ Notes on Florida Geography, Florida International University
  10. ^ "Tire reef off Florida proves a disaster - U.S. news - Environment - msnbc.com". MSNBC. February 16, 2007. Retrieved August 1, 2010. 
  11. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  12. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 12, 2014. 
  13. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved June 12, 2014. 
  14. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 12, 2014. 
  15. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 12, 2014. 
  16. ^ a b c d e f g "Broward County: SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved October 20, 2015. 
  17. ^ a b "Broward-by-the-Numbers (June 2011): Census 2010 - Early Results (Page 4)" (PDF). www.broward.org. Retrieved October 20, 2015. 
  18. ^ a b c "Broward County Demographic Characteristics". ocala.com. Retrieved October 20, 2015. 
  19. ^ "Broward County, Florida FIRST ANCESTRY REPORTED Universe: Total population - 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved November 11, 2015. 
  20. ^ "Hispanic or Latino by Type: 2010 more information - 2010 Census Summary File 1". factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved October 20, 2015. 
  21. ^ "Broward's foreign-born population soars". Sun-Sentinel. Retrieved August 1, 2013. 
  22. ^ a b "Miami-Dade County: Age Groups and Sex: 2010 - 2010 Census Summary File 1". factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved October 20, 2015. 
  23. ^ "Broward County, Florida: SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS - 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". factfinder.census.gov. Archived from the original on November 29, 2014. Retrieved November 14, 2015. 
  24. ^ a b "Census". Retrieved September 27, 2014. 
  25. ^ "Demographics of Broward County, FL". MuniNetGuide.com. Retrieved December 19, 2007. 
  26. ^ a b "Broward County, FL Detailed Profile". city-data.com. Retrieved October 20, 2015. 
  27. ^ "What's New at The Body, November 23, 2005". Thebody.com. Retrieved August 1, 2010. 
  28. ^ "Modern Language Association Data Center Results, Broward County, Florida". Modern Language Association. Retrieved July 27, 2013. 
  29. ^ "Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood International Airport > Business > Tenant Directory Archived 2011-12-27 at the Wayback Machine.." Broward County. Retrieved on December 17, 2011. "1100 Lee Wagener Blvd. Fort Lauderdale, FL33315"
  30. ^ "Contact Us." Gulfstream International Airlines. Retrieved on December 17, 2011. "1100 Lee Wagener Blvd, Suite 201 Ft. Lauderdale, FL 33315."
  31. ^ "Zoning Map Archived June 8, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.." City of Dania Beach. Retrieved on May 12, 2010.
  32. ^ "Contact Us." Locair. Retrieved on June 19, 2010. "Locair, Inc. 268 SW 33rd St. Fort Lauderdale, FL 33315"
  33. ^ "Administration." Chalk's International Airlines. March 31, 2004. Retrieved on December 17, 2011. "Chalk’s International Airlines 704 SW 34th Street Ft Lauderdale, Fl. 33315"
  34. ^ "Contact Us." Bimini Island Air. Retrieved on July 12, 2011. "Bimini Island Air, Inc./Ltd. 3000 NW 59 Street Fort Lauderdale, FL 33309"
  35. ^ http://dos.myflorida.com/elections/data-statistics/voter-registration-statistics/voter-registration-monthly-reports/voter-registration-current-by-county/
  36. ^ State:Broward Power. St. Petersburg Times. Retrieved November 14, 2006.
  37. ^ 2008 General Election Results. South Florida Sun-Sentinel. Retrieved November 11, 2008.
  38. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS/
  39. ^ "Topic Galleries - South Florida". Sun-sentinel.com. Archived from the original on June 29, 2009. Retrieved August 1, 2010. 
  40. ^ "Welcome To Broward County Greenways". Broward.org. Retrieved August 1, 2010. 
  41. ^ "Topic Galleries". OrlandoSentinel.com. Retrieved December 18, 2012. 
  42. ^ "See "Population and Housing Occupancy Status: 2010 - Florida County -- County Subdivision and Place"". 2010 Census. United States Census Bureau, Population Division. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. 
  43. ^ "African American Research Library : African American Research Library News and Photos - South Florida". Sun Sentinel. Retrieved August 1, 2010. 
  44. ^ "South Florida Beach Dive Sites". Sink, Florida, Sink!. Retrieved February 24, 2013. 
  45. ^ "More spring tourists filling hotels". Sun Sentinel. Retrieved 21 April 2015. 

External links

Government links/Constitutional offices

Special Districts

Judicial branch

Tourism links

Official sites

  • The Broward Alliance (Broward County's official public/private partnership for economic development)

Coordinates: 26°07′28″N 80°14′58″W / 26.124354°N 80.249503°W / 26.124354; -80.249503

Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Wikipedia is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization.

Also On Wow