Close menu


Updated: 2017-03-17T00:47Z
Temporal range: Eocene–Recent
Pin-tailed sandgrouse (Pterocles alchata).jpg
Pin-tailed sandgrouse (Pterocles alchata)
Scientific classification e
Latham, 1790

Columbimorphae is a clade discovered by genome analysis that includes birds of the orders Columbiformes (pigeons and doves), Pteroclidiformes (sandgrouses), and Mesitornithiformes (mesites).[1] Previous analyses have also recovered this grouping,[2][3][4] although the exact relationships differ. Some studies indicate a sister relationship between sandgrouse and pigeons (the traditional view)[3][5][6] while other studies favor a sister grouping of mesites and sandgrouse instead.[1][4]


Columbiformes (pigeons and doves)Columba livia in Japan white background.JPG

Pteroclidiformes (sandgrouses)Pin-tailed sandgrouse (Pterocles alchata) white background.jpg

Mesitornithiformes (mesites)Subdesert Mesite Male white background.jpg


  1. ^ a b Jarvis, E.D.; et al. (2014). "Whole-genome analyses resolve early branches in the tree of life of modern birds". Science. 346 (6215): 1320–1331. PMC 4405904Freely accessible. PMID 25504713. doi:10.1126/science.1253451. 
  2. ^ Ericson, P. G.P; Anderson, C. L; Britton, T.; Elzanowski, A.; Johansson, U. S; Kallersjo, M.; Ohlson, J. I; Parsons, T. J; Zuccon, D.; Mayr, G. (2006). "Diversification of Neoaves: integration of molecular sequence data and fossils". Biology Letters. 2 (4): 543–547. PMC 1834003Freely accessible. PMID 17148284. doi:10.1098/rsbl.2006.0523. 
  3. ^ a b Hackett, S. J.; Kimball, R. T.; Reddy, S.; et al. (2008). "A Phylogenomic Study of Birds Reveals Their Evolutionary History" (PDF). Science. 320 (5884): 1763–1768. PMID 18583609. doi:10.1126/science.1157704. 
  4. ^ a b Yuri, T.; et al. (2013). "Parsimony and Model-Based Analyses of Indels in Avian Nuclear Genes Reveal Congruent and Incongruent Phylogenetic Signals". Biology. 2 (1): 419–444. PMC 4009869Freely accessible. PMID 24832669. doi:10.3390/biology2010419. 
  5. ^ LIVEZEY, BRADLEY C.; ZUSI, RICHARD L. (2007). "Higher-order phylogeny of modern birds (Theropoda, Aves: Neornithes) based on comparative anatomy. II. Analysis and discussion". Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society. 149 (1): 1–95. PMC 2517308Freely accessible. PMID 18784798. doi:10.1111/j.1096-3642.2006.00293.x. 
  6. ^ Gibb, Gillian C., and David Penny. "Two aspects along the continuum of pigeon evolution: A South-Pacific radiation and the relationship of pigeons within Neoaves." Molecular phylogenetics and evolution 56.2 (2010): 698-706.

Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Wikipedia is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization.

Also On Wow


    Trending Now