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Indian states ranking by fertility rate

Updated: 2017-03-29T22:22Z
Total fertility rate map: average births per woman by states and union territories, 2012[1]

This is a list of the states of India ranked in order of number of children born for each woman. Based on this study, the following Indian states, if they continue their current trends of fertility rate or lower them further, will stop contributing to population growth in India in the future: Andhra Pradesh, Goa, Tamil Nadu, Himachal Pradesh, Kerala, Punjab, West Bengal, Maharashtra, Delhi, Jammu and Kashmir, Karnataka, and Sikkim.

All the four southern Indian states – Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Kerala, and Karnataka – as well as Goa, Punjab, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Maharashtra, West Bengal, Sikkim, and Tripura, and the union territories of Delhi, Lakshadweep, Daman and Diu, Andaman and Nicobar, and Chandigarh, registered a low fertility rate below the crucial 2.1. These states accounted for 50.4% of India's population in 2011.

The information for 2016 data was compiled from, National Family Health Survey (2015-16), Government of India. The information for 2013 data was compiled from ESTIMATES OF FERTILITY INDICATORS from the SRS Report (2013) released by the Census Commission of India.

RankStateFertility rate 2016Fertility rate 2013Change (2013-16)Fertility rate 2004Change (2004-16)Comparable Country/Region
1Sikkim1.2---- Singapore
2Andaman & Nicobar1.5---- Austria
3Kerala1.61.8Decrease 0.21.7Decrease 0.1 Canada
4Punjab1.61.8Decrease 0.12.2Decrease 0.6 Finland
5Chandigarh1.6---- European Union
6Tamil Nadu1.71.7Steady 0.01.8Decrease 0.1 Belgium
7Delhi1.71.7Steady 0.02.3Decrease 0.6 Denmark
8Telangana1.7---- Georgia
9Tripura1.7---- Netherlands
10Daman & Diu1.7---- Norway
11Puduchery1.7---- Latvia
12Goa1.71.8Decrease 0.1-- Albania
13West Bengal1.81.6Increase 0.22.2Decrease 0.6 Russia
14Lakshadweep1.8---- Sweden
15Andhra Pradesh1.8---- United States
16Karnataka1.81.9Decrease 0.12.3Decrease 0.5 United Kingdom
17Himachal Pradesh1.91.9Steady 0.02.1Decrease 0.2 Uruguay
18Maharashtra1.91.8Increase 0.12.2Decrease 0.3 France
19Jammu and Kashmir2.01.9Increase 0.12.4Decrease 0.4 New Zealand
20Gujarat2.02.3Decrease 0.32.8Decrease 0.8 Qatar
21Odisha2.12.1Steady 0.02.6Decrease 0.5 Turkey
22Uttarakhand2.1---- Sri Lanka
23Haryana2.12.2Decrease 0.13.0Decrease 0.9 Bahrain
24Arunachal Pradesh2.1---- Bhutan
25Assam2.22.3Decrease 0.32.9Decrease 0.7 Mexico
26Chhattisgarh2.22.6Decrease 0.43.3Decrease 1.1 Kuwait
- India2.22.3Decrease 0.12.9Decrease 0.7
27Madhya Pradesh2.32.9Decrease 0.63.7Decrease 1.4 Argentina
28Dadra Nagar Haveli2.3----   Nepal
29Mizoram2.3---- Bangladesh
30Rajasthan2.42.8Decrease 0.43.7Decrease 1.3 Morocco
31Jharkhand2.62.7Decrease 0.13.5Decrease 0.9 Paraguay
32Manipur2.6---- Guyana
33Nagaland2.7---- Syria
34Uttar Pradesh2.73.1Decrease 0.44.4Decrease 1.7 Syria
35Meghalaya3.0---- Philippines
36Bihar3.43.4Steady 0.04.3Decrease 0.9 Namibia

Country comparisons use data from the Population Reference Bureau.[1]


Google Chart TFR vs Area vs Population



  1. ^ Table in Chapter 3 Vital Statistics of India, Estimates of Fertility Indicators, Census of India, Government of India (2013), page 48
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