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International Association of Athletics Federations


Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/International_Association_of_Athletics_Federations
Updated: 2017-08-14T14:28Z

International Association of Athletics Federations
International Association of Athletics Federations logo.svg
Formation17 July 1912
TypeSports federation
HeadquartersMonaco
Membership
215 member federations
President
Sebastian Coe
Websitewww.IAAF.org

The International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF) is the international governing body for the sport of athletics. It was founded on 17 July 1912 as the International Amateur Athletic [1] Federation by representatives from 17 national athletics federations at the organization's first congress in Stockholm, Sweden. Since October 1993, it has been headquartered in Monaco.

Beginning in 1982, the IAAF passed several amendments to its rules to allow athletes to receive compensation for participating in international competitions. However, the organization retained the word amateur in its name until its 2001 congress, at which it changed its name to the International Association of Athletics Federations.

The IAAF's president is Sebastian Coe of the United Kingdom. He was elected at the 2015 congress before the 2015 World Championships in Athletics in Beijing, China.[2]

Foundation

The process to found the IAAF was started at a meeting in Stockholm, Sweden on 17 July 1912 soon after the completion of the 1912 Summer Olympics in that city. Here 27 representatives from 17 national federations agreed to meet at a congress in Germany the following year overseen by Sigfrid Edström who was to become the fledgling organisation's first president. The congress that started on 20 August 1913 in Berlin is when the foundation of the IAAF was formally completed.[3][4][5]

Doping controversy

In 2015, a whistleblower leaked IAAF's blood test records from major competitions. The records revealed that, between 2001 and 2012, athletes with suspicious drug test results won a third of the medals in endurance events at the Olympics and World Championships—a total of 146 medals including 55 golds—but the IAAF caught none of them.[6] After reviewing the results, Robin Parisotto, a scientist and leading "anti-doping" expert, said, "Never have I seen such an alarmingly abnormal set of blood values. So many athletes appear to have doped with impunity, and it is damning that the IAAF appears to have idly sat by and let this happen."[6] Craig Reedie, president of the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA), said his organisation was "very disturbed by these new allegations ... which will, once again, shake the foundation of clean athletes worldwide", and that its "independent commission will investigate the claims".[6]

Around the same time, the University of Tübingen in Germany claimed that the IAAF suppressed publication of a 2011 report in which "[h]undreds of athletes", as many as a third of the world's top athletes, "admitted violating anti-doping rules".[7]

On 1 November 2015, former IAAF president Lamine Diack was arrested in France and is under investigation on suspicion of corruption and money laundering.[8][9] Diack allegedly accepted "$1.2 million from the Russian athletics federation to cover up the positive doping tests of at least six Russian athletes in 2011."[8]

In November 2015, WADA published its report, which found "systemic failures" in the IAAF had prevented an "effective" anti-doping programme and concluded that Russia should be banned from competing in international competitions because of its athletes' test results.[10] The report continued that "the IAAF allowed the conduct to occur and must accept its responsibility" and that "corruption was embedded" in the organization.[11]

In January 2016, as a result of the doping scandal and WADA's report, the IAAF's biggest sponsor, Adidas, announced that it was ending its sponsorship deal with the IAAF four years early. The BBC reported that as a result the IAAF would lose $33 million (£23 million) worth of revenue. The 11-year sponsorship deal with Adidas was due to run until 2019.[12] World-record holding sprinter Michael Johnson described the scandal as more serious than that faced by FIFA.[11]In February 2016, Nestlé announced that it was ending its IAAF sponsorship.[13]

In June 2016, following a meeting of the IAAF's ruling council, the IAAF upheld its ban on Russia's track and field team from entering the Rio de Janeiro Olympics.[14]In February 2017, All-Russia Athletic Federation disqualified by decision of the IAAF Council for 8 years for the creation of a doping system.

Presidents

IAAF Council Members gathered for the 2014 IAAF Council Meeting

Since the establishment of the IAAF, it has had six presidents:

NameCountryPresidency
Sigfrid Edström Sweden1912–1946
Lord Burghley (later Lord Exeter) United Kingdom1946–1976
Adriaan Paulen Netherlands1976–1981
Primo Nebiolo Italy1981–1999
Lamine Diack Senegal1999–2015
Lord Coe United Kingdom2015–

Area associations

Map of world with six area associations

The IAAF has a total of 215 member federations divided into 6 area associations.[15][16]

     AAA – Asian Athletics Association in Asia
     CAA – Confederation of African Athletics in Africa
     CONSUDATLE – Confederación Sudamericana de Atletismo in South America
     EAA – European Athletic Association in Europe
     NACAC – North American, Central American and Caribbean Athletic Association in North America
     OAA – Oceania Athletics Association in Oceania

Age categories

  • Senior (all the athletes over 20 years old) (age-group competition over age 35 has become the domain of World Masters Athletics)
  • Junior (athletes aged 18 or 19 years on 31 December of the year of the competition)[17]
  • Youth (athletes aged 16 or 17 years on 31 December of the year of the competition)[17]

Competitions

Included in its charge are the standardization of timekeeping methods and world records. The IAAF also organizes many major athletics competitions worldwide, including:

World Athletics Series

The World Championships in Athletics is the foremost athletics competition held by the IAAF.
CompetitionFrequencyEstablished
IAAF World Championships in AthleticsEvery two years1983
IAAF World Indoor Championships in AthleticsEvery two years1985
IAAF World Cross Country ChampionshipsEvery two years1973
IAAF World Half Marathon ChampionshipsEvery two years1992
IAAF World U20 ChampionshipsEvery two years1986
IAAF World U18 Championships in AthleticsEvery two years1999
IAAF World Race Walking CupEvery two years1961
IAAF World Marathon CupEvery two years1985
IAAF Continental CupEvery four years1977
IAAF World RelaysEvery two years2014
† = Formerly IAAF World Cup

One-day events

CompetitionEstablished
IAAF Diamond League2010
IAAF World Challenge Meetings2010
IAAF World Indoor Tour2016
IAAF Label Road Races
IAAF Cross Country Permit Meetings
IAAF World Combined Events Challenge1998
IAAF World Race Walking Challenge2003

IAAF Road Race Label Events

Defunct

CompetitionLast held
IAAF Indoor Permit Meetings2015
IAAF World Athletics Tour2009
IAAF Golden League2009
IAAF Super Grand Prix2009
IAAF Grand Prix2009
IAAF World Athletics Final2009
IAAF World Road Running Championships2007
IAAF Grand Prix Final2002
IAAF World Cross Challenge2000
IAAF World Road Relay Championships1998

See also

References

  1. ^ Any accurate history of IAAF
  2. ^ "Athletics: Sebastian Coe Elected IAAF President". BBC Sport: Athletics. 19 August 2015. Retrieved 21 November 2015. 
  3. ^ Reprint (page 226) at Google Books UK (books.google.co.uk).
      The 1912 Stockholm Olympics: Essays on the Competitions, the People, the City, eds. Leif Yttergren and Hans Bolling, Jefferson NC and London: McFarland & Company, Inc., Publishers, 2012. ISBN 978-0-7864-7131-7.
      Translated from the Swedish: Stockholmsolympiaden 1912 (Stockholm: Stockholmia, 2012).
  4. ^ "IAAF Presidential Election History". Jesse Squire, Daily Relay, 18 August 2015.
  5. ^ "The Beginning of the IAAF: A study of its background and foundation". Dr. Hans Bolling, (adviser: Prof. em. Jan Lindroth), Stockholm/Sweden 2007. Retrieved 18 September 2015.
  6. ^ a b c Roan, Dan (2 August 2015). "Leaked IAAF Doping Files: WADA 'Very Alarmed' by Allegations". BBC Sport: Athletics. Retrieved 21 November 2015. 
  7. ^ "IAAF Accused of Suppressing Athletes' Doping Study". BBC Sport: Athletics. 16 August 2015. Retrieved 21 November 2015. 
  8. ^ a b "Former IAAF President Under Criminal Investigation for Doping Cover-Up". Sports Illustrated. 4 November 2015. Retrieved 21 November 2015. 
  9. ^ "Athletics doping: Interpol to co-ordinate probe". BBC News. 9 November 2015. Retrieved 19 November 2015. 
  10. ^ "Athletics Doping: WADA Report Calls for Russia Ban". BBC Sport: Athletics. 9 November 2015. Retrieved 21 November 2015. 
  11. ^ a b http://www.bbc.co.uk/sport/athletics/35348906
  12. ^ Mark Daly and Dan Roan (24 January 2016). "Adidas to end IAAF sponsorship deal early in wake of doping crisis". BBC Sport: Athletics. Retrieved 24 January 2016. 
  13. ^ http://www.bbc.com/news/business-35546032
  14. ^ Nesha Starcevic and Stephen Wilson (17 June 2016). "IAAF upholds bans on Russian athletes for Rio Games". Retrieved 17 June 2016. 
  15. ^ "IAAF National Member Federations". IAAF.org. Retrieved 8 August 2015. 
  16. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 May 2010. Retrieved 20 May 2010. . IAAF.
  17. ^ a b "Basic Information Guide: 2011 IAAF World Cross Country Championships, Punta Umbria, Spain". IAAF. 10 September 2010. Retrieved 31 January 2013. 

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