Close menu

List of Canadian peacekeeping missions

Updated: 2017-06-28T23:21Z

Canada’s role in the development of peacekeeping during the 20th century led to the establishment of Canada as a prominent world power. Canada's commitment to multilateralism has been closely related to peacekeeping efforts. Canadian Nobel Peace Prize laureate Lester B. Pearson is considered to be the father of modern United Nations Peacekeeping.[1][2] Prior to Canada’s role in the Suez Canal Crisis, Canada was viewed by many as insignificant in issues of the world’s traditional powers. Canada’s successful role in the conflict gave Canada credibility and established it as a nation fighting for the common good of all the world’s nations and not just their allies.[3] Since 1995, however, Canadian direct participation in United Nations peacekeeping efforts has greatly declined.[4] That number decreased largely because Canada began to direct its participation to UN-sanctioned military operations through NATO, rather than through the UN.[5] In July 2006, for instance, Canada ranked 51st on the list of UN peacekeepers, contributing 130 peacekeepers out of a total UN deployment of over 70,000;[6] whereas in November 1990 Canada had 1,002 troops out of a total UN deployment of 10,304.[7]

  • Below is a list of major peacekeeping missions undertaken by Canada from 1956 to present.[8]

AcronymNameYearCanadian Participation
UNEF IUnited Nations Emergency Force1956–1967Up to 1,007 personnel
ONUCUnited Nations Operation in the Congo1960–1964Approx 300 servicemen at a time, 1,900 total.
UNTEA/UNSFUnited Nations Temporary Executive Authority/United Nations Security Force (West New Guinea, Indonesia)1962–1963Two aircraft, one observer.
UNFICYPUnited Nations Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus1964-Operation SNOWGOOSE
UNEFME (aka UNEF II)United Nations Emergency Force, Middle East1973–19791,145 personnel
UNDOFUnited Nations Disengagement Observer Force (Israel/Syria)1974-Operation DANACA
UNIFILUnited Nations Interim Force in Lebanon1978110 personnel
MFOMultinational Force and Observers (Sinai, Egypt)1981-Operation CALUMET
UNTAGUnited Nations Transition Assistance Group (Namibia)1989–1990Operation MATADOR
MINURSOUnited Nations Mission for the Referendum in Western Sahara1991-1994Operation PYTHON, a maximum of 35 CF personnel from May 1991-June 1994.
UNTACUnited Nations Transitional Authority in Cambodia1992–1993Operation MARQUIS 1 and MARQUIS 2
UNOSOM IUnited Nations Operation in Somalia IApril 1992-December 1992
UNITAFUnified Task ForceDecember 1992-May 1993
UNPROFORUnited Nations Protection Force (Croatia)1992–1995Operation Harmony
UNOSOM IIUnited Nations Operation in Somalia IIMay 1993-March 1995
UNMIHUnited Nations Mission in Haiti1993–1996Up to 500 Canadian Forces personnel and 100 civilian police.
UNAMIRUnited Nations Assistance Mission for Rwanda1993–1996
UNCROUnited Nations Confidence Restoration Operation1994–1996
UNPREDEPUnited Nations Preventive Deployment Force1995–19991 observer
UNMIBHUnited Nations Mission in Bosnia and Herzegovina1995–200020 Canadian Forces personnel and 100 RCMP and civilian police
UNSMIHUnited Nations Support Mission in Haiti1996–1997Operation STANDARD and Operation STABLE
UNTMIHUnited Nations Transition Mission in Haiti1997-2004Operation CONSTABLE
MIPONUHUnited Nations Civilian Police Mission in Haiti1997–2000Operation COMPLIMENT
MINURCAUnited Nations Mission in the Central African Republic1998–2000Over 80 CF personnel at peak.
INTERFETInternational Force for East Timor1999–2000Operation TOUCAN
UNMIKUnited Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo1999–2002Operation Kinetic, Operation QUADRANT
UNAMSILUnited Nations Mission in Sierra Leone1999–2005Operation REPTILE
MONUCUnited Nations Mission in the Democratic Republic of Congo1999–9 military observers (Operation CROCODILE)
UNTAETUnited Nations Transitional Administration in East Timor2000–2002600 personnel (Operation TOUCAN)
UNMEEUN Mission in Ethiopia and Eritrea2000Operation Addition
MINUSTAHUN Stabilization Mission in Haiti2004500 personnel, 6 helicopters (Operation HALO)
UNMISUnited Nations Mission in Sudan2005-200945 personnel (Operation SAFARI)
UNAMIDAfrican Union – United Nations Hybrid Operation in Darfur2009-Operation SATURN (Canada no longer participating)

See also


  1. ^ Banerjee & Sharma (1 March 2008). Reinventing the United Nations. PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd. p. 63. ISBN 978-81-203-3282-9. 
  2. ^ Cohen, Andrew (2008). Lester B. Pearson. Toronto: Penguin Canada. pp. 114–116. 
  3. ^ Gaffen, Fred (1987). In The Eye of The Storm: A History of Canadian Peacekeeping. Toronto: Deneau & Wayne Publishers LTD. p. 43. 
  4. ^ Lauri Johnson; Reva Joshee (2007). Multicultural education policies in Canada and the United States. UBC Press. p. 23. ISBN 978-0-7748-1325-9. 
  5. ^ Linda McQuaig (4 June 2010). Holding the Bully's Coat: Canada and the U.S. Empire. Random House Digital, Inc. p. 50. ISBN 978-0-385-67297-9. 
  6. ^ "Ranking of Military and Police Contributions to UN Operations" (PDF). United Nations. Retrieved 2011-02-24. 
  7. ^ "Troop and police contributors archive (1990 - 2011) jkjhjhhhugybybbhynnniggyujjnuijju". United Nations. 2010. Retrieved 2012-01-01. 
  8. ^ "Peacekeeping". canadiansoldiers. 2008. Retrieved 2010-04-16. 

Further reading

External links

Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Wikipedia is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization.

Also On Wow


    Trending Now