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List of nominations to the Supreme Court of the United States


Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_nominations_to_the_Supreme_Court_of_the_United_States
Updated: 2017-08-24T20:58Z

Under Article III of the United States Constitution, the Supreme Court of the United States is the highest federal court of the United States. The court, established in 1789, has appellate jurisdiction over all federal courts, as well as appellate jurisdiction over state court cases involving issues of federal law. Since the passage of the Judiciary Act of 1869, the court has consisted of the Chief Justice of the United States and eight Associate Justices, although Congress can, by law, change the number of Associate Justices. The Advice and Consent Clause of Article II of the Constitution establishes that individuals join the court after nomination by the President of the United States and confirmation by the United States Senate. Article III establishes that Justices serve lifetime tenures on "good behavior," and no Supreme Court Justice has ever left the court except by death, resignation, or retirement, although Congress did attempt to impeach one Justice in 1804. The Constitution does not establish qualifications regarding age or experience for Supreme Court nominees, but since World War II all nominees have possessed a law degree and many have had previous experience serving on an appellate court.

The lifetime tenure, power, and political independence of the judiciary occasionally make nominees quite controversial, and some nominees have failed to win confirmation from the Senate. As of 2017, there have been 161 formal nominations, 124 confirmations (including elevations to Chief Justice and instances where the nominee did not serve), and 113 Supreme Court justices.[1] 39 of the 43 presidents have appointed at least one Supreme Court Justice.[1] George Washington appointed the most Supreme Court Justices (11), followed by Franklin D. Roosevelt (9, including the elevation of one Associate Justice) and Andrew Jackson (6). The table that follows lists Presidential nominees who had been referred for the “advice and consent” of the Senate, in chronological order by date of nomination.

Only nominations which have been formally sent to the Senate are listed; potential nominations which were withdrawn prior to formal submission to the Senate are not listed (including that of Douglas H. Ginsburg). When a President nominates an individual to the Supreme Court, he informs the Senate of the nomination via a letter. The “Date of Submission to Senate” is the date of that letter. When the Senate voted on the nominee, the "vote" column shows the result of that vote (which is not necessarily the confirmation vote); "voice" indicates that the Senate passed the vote in a voice vote, and no vote tally was recorded.

The "Result" section has seven possibilities:

  • "confirmed"—for nominees who were confirmed and accepted confirmation. This includes one nominee (Edwin Stanton) who died after confirmation but before taking his seat.
  • "declined"—for nominees who declined nomination. This includes nominees who were confirmed by the Senate but declined to serve.
  • "pending"—for nominees pending before the current session of the Senate.
  • "withdrawn"—for nominees who withdrew prior to a confirmation vote.
  • "no action"—for cases in which the Senate session ended without the nomination being brought to the floor for consideration.
  • "postponed"—for nominees in which a vote was taken to defer consideration of the nominee, but no confirmation vote took place. In this case, the "date of result" is the date of the vote to postpone.
  • "rejected"—for nominees who lost their confirmation vote.

Nominations

Nominee President Replacing Nomination[1]
Nominee Age President Party Justice Seat Senate
Control
Submitted
to Senate
Result Vote Date of
Result
Days
John Jay 43 Washington None Inaugural CJ PA Sep. 24, 1789 confirmed voice Sep. 26, 1789 2
John Rutledge 50 Washington None Inaugural 1 PA Sep. 24, 1789 confirmed voice Sep. 26, 1789 2
William Cushing 57 Washington None Inaugural 2 PA Sep. 24, 1789 confirmed voice Sep. 26, 1789 2
Robert H. Harrison 44 Washington None Inaugural 5 PA Sep. 24, 1789 declined Sep. 26, 1789 2
James Wilson 47 Washington None Inaugural 3 PA Sep. 24, 1789 confirmed voice Sep. 26, 1789 2
John Blair Jr. 57 Washington None Inaugural 4 PA Sep. 24, 1789 confirmed voice Sep. 26, 1789 2
James Iredell 38 Washington None Inaugural 5 PA Feb. 8, 1790 confirmed voice Feb. 10, 1790 2
Thomas Johnson[2] 57 Washington None Rutledge 1 PA Nov. 1, 1791 confirmed voice Nov. 7, 1791 6
William Paterson 47 Washington None Johnson 1 PA Feb. 27, 1793 withdrawn Feb. 28, 1793 1
William Paterson 47 Washington None Johnson 1 PA Mar. 4, 1793 confirmed voice Mar. 4, 1793 0
John Rutledge[1] 56 Washington None Jay CJ Fed Dec. 10, 1795 rejected 10–14 Dec. 15, 1795 5
William Cushing[3] 63 Washington None Rutledge CJ Fed Jan. 26, 1796 declined Jan. 27, 1796 1
Samuel Chase 55 Washington None Blair 4 Fed Jan. 26, 1796 confirmed voice Jan. 27, 1796 1
Oliver Ellsworth 51 Washington None Rutledge CJ Fed Mar. 3, 1796 confirmed 21–1 Mar. 4, 1796 1
Bushrod Washington 36 J. Adams Fed Wilson 3 Fed Dec. 19, 1798 confirmed voice Dec. 20, 1798 1
Alfred Moore 44 J. Adams Fed Iredell 5 Fed Dec. 4, 1799 confirmed voice Dec. 10, 1799 6
John Jay 55 J. Adams Fed Ellsworth CJ Fed Dec. 18, 1800 declined Dec. 19, 1800 1
John Marshall 45 J. Adams Fed Ellsworth CJ Fed Jan. 20, 1801 confirmed voice Jan. 27, 1801 7
William Johnson 32 Jefferson D-R Moore 5 D-R Mar. 22, 1804 confirmed voice Mar. 24, 1804 2
Henry B. Livingston 49 Jefferson D-R Paterson 1 D-R Dec. 13, 1806 confirmed voice Dec. 17, 1806 4
Thomas Todd 42 Jefferson D-R Inaugural 6 D-R Feb. 28, 1807 confirmed voice Mar. 2, 1807 2
Levi Lincoln Sr. 61 Madison D-R Cushing 2 D-R Jan. 2, 1811 declined Jan. 3, 1811 1
Alexander Wolcott 52 Madison D-R Cushing 2 D-R Feb. 4, 1811 rejected 9–24 Feb. 13, 1811 9
John Quincy Adams 43 Madison D-R Cushing 2 D-R Feb. 21, 1811 declined Feb. 22, 1811 1
Joseph Story 32 Madison D-R Cushing 2 D-R Nov. 15, 1811 confirmed voice Nov. 18, 1811 3
Gabriel Duvall 58 Madison D-R Chase 4 D-R Nov. 15, 1811 confirmed voice Nov. 18, 1811 3
Smith Thompson[1] 55 Monroe D-R Livingston 1 D-R Dec. 5, 1823 confirmed voice Dec. 9, 1823 4
Robert Trimble 49 J. Q. Adams D-R Todd 6 D-R Apr. 11, 1826 confirmed 27–5 May 9, 1826 28
John J. Crittenden 41 J. Q. Adams D-R Trimble 6 D-R Dec. 17, 1828 postponed 23–17 Feb. 12, 1829 57
John McLean 43 Jackson Dem Trimble 6 Dem Mar. 6, 1829 confirmed voice Mar. 7, 1829 1
Henry Baldwin 49 Jackson Dem Washington 3 Dem Jan. 4, 1830 confirmed 41–2 Jan. 6, 1830 2
James Moore Wayne 44 Jackson Dem Johnson 5 NR Jan. 6, 1835 confirmed voice Jan. 9, 1835 3
Roger B. Taney 57 Jackson Dem Duvall 4 NR Jan. 15, 1835 postponed 24–21 Mar. 3, 1835 47
Roger B. Taney 58 Jackson Dem Marshall CJ Dem Dec. 28, 1835 confirmed 29–15 Mar. 15, 1836 78
Philip P. Barbour 52 Jackson Dem Duvall 4 Dem Dec. 28, 1835 confirmed 30–11 Mar. 15, 1836 78
John Catron 51 Jackson Dem Inaugural 7 Dem Mar. 3, 1837 confirmed 28–15 Mar. 8, 1837 5
William Smith 74 Jackson Dem Inaugural 8 Dem Mar. 3, 1837 declined 23–18 Mar. 8, 1837 5
John McKinley 57 Van Buren Dem Inaugural 8 Dem Sep. 18, 1837 confirmed voice Sep. 25, 1837 7
Peter Vivian Daniel 56 Van Buren Dem Barbour 4 Dem Feb. 26, 1841 confirmed 25–5 Mar. 2, 1841 4
John C. Spencer 56 Tyler None Thompson 1 Whig Jan. 9, 1844 rejected 21–26 Jan. 31, 1844 22
Reuben Walworth 55 Tyler None Thompson 1 Whig Mar. 13, 1844 withdrawn 27–20[4] June 17, 1844 4
Edward King 50 Tyler None Baldwin 3 Whig June 5, 1844 postponed 29–18 June 15, 1844 10
John C. Spencer 56 Tyler None Thompson 1 Whig June 17, 1844 withdrawn June 17, 1844 0
Reuben Walworth 55 Tyler None Thompson 1 Whig June 17, 1844 no action June 17, 1844[5] N/A
Edward King 50 Tyler None Baldwin 3 Whig Dec. 4, 1844 withdrawn Feb. 7, 1845 65
Reuben Walworth 56 Tyler None Thompson 1 Whig Dec. 4, 1844 withdrawn Feb. 4, 1845 62
Samuel Nelson 52 Tyler None Thompson 1 Whig Feb. 4, 1845 confirmed voice Feb. 14, 1845 10
John M. Read 47 Tyler None Baldwin 3 Whig Feb. 7, 1845 no action N/A
George Woodward 36 Polk Dem Baldwin 3 Dem Dec. 23, 1845 rejected 20–29 Jan. 22, 1846 30
Levi Woodbury[1] 56 Polk Dem Story 2 Dem Dec. 23, 1845 confirmed voice Jan. 31, 1846 39
Robert Cooper Grier 52 Polk Dem Baldwin 3 Dem Aug. 3, 1846 confirmed voice Aug. 4, 1846 1
Benjamin R. Curtis[1] 42 Fillmore Whig Woodbury 2 Dem Dec. 11, 1851 confirmed voice Dec. 20, 1851 9
Edward A. Bradford 38 Fillmore Whig McKinley 8 Dem Aug. 16, 1852 no action N/A
George E. Badger 57 Fillmore Whig McKinley 8 Dem Jan. 3, 1853 withdrawn Feb. 14, 1853 42
William C. Micou 46 Fillmore Whig McKinley 8 Dem Feb. 14, 1853 no action N/A
John A. Campbell 41 Pierce Dem McKinley 8 Dem Mar. 21, 1853 confirmed voice Mar. 22, 1853 1
Nathan Clifford 54 Buchanan Dem Curtis 2 Dem Dec. 9, 1857 confirmed 26–23 Jan. 12, 1858 34
Jeremiah S. Black 51 Buchanan Dem Daniel 4 Dem Feb. 5, 1861 no action 25–26[6] Feb. 21, 1861 N/A
Noah Haynes Swayne 57 Lincoln Rep McLean 6 Rep Jan. 21, 1862 confirmed 38–1 Jan. 24, 1862 3
Samuel Freeman Miller 48 Lincoln Rep Daniel 4 Rep July 16, 1862 confirmed voice July 16, 1862 0
David Davis 47 Lincoln Rep Campbell 8 Rep Dec. 1, 1862 confirmed voice Dec. 8, 1862 7
Stephen Johnson Field 46 Lincoln Rep Inaugural 9 Rep Mar. 6, 1863 confirmed voice Mar. 10, 1863 4
Salmon P. Chase 56 Lincoln Rep Taney CJ Rep Dec. 6, 1864 confirmed voice Dec. 6, 1864 0
Henry Stanbery 63 A. Johnson None Catron 7 Rep Apr. 16, 1866 no action[7] N/A
Ebenezer R. Hoar 53 Grant Rep Inaugural 10 Rep Dec. 14, 1869 rejected 24–33 Feb. 3, 1870 51
Edwin M. Stanton 54 Grant Rep Grier 3 Rep Dec. 20, 1869 confirmed[8] 46–11 Dec. 20, 1869 0
William Strong 61 Grant Rep Grier 3 Rep Feb. 7, 1870 confirmed Feb. 18, 1870 1
Joseph P. Bradley 56 Grant Rep Inaugural 10 Rep Feb. 7, 1870 confirmed 46–9 Mar. 21, 1870 42
Ward Hunt 62 Grant Rep Nelson 1 Rep Dec. 3, 1872 confirmed voice Dec. 11, 1872 8
George Henry Williams 50 Grant Rep Chase CJ Rep Dec. 1, 1873 withdrawn Jan. 8, 1874 38
Caleb Cushing 73 Grant Rep Chase CJ Rep Jan. 9, 1874 withdrawn Jan. 13, 1874 4
Morrison Waite 58 Grant Rep Chase CJ Rep Jan. 19, 1874 confirmed 63–0 Jan. 21, 1874 2
John Marshall Harlan 44 Hayes Rep Davis 8 Rep Oct. 16, 1877 confirmed voice Nov. 29, 1877 44
William Burnham Woods 56 Hayes Rep Strong 3 Dem Dec. 15, 1880 confirmed 39–8 Dec. 21, 1880 6
Stanley Matthews 57 Hayes Rep Swayne 6 Dem Jan. 26, 1881 no action N/A
Stanley Matthews 57 Garfield Rep Swayne 6 Split Mar. 14, 1881 confirmed 24–23 May 12, 1881 59
Horace Gray 53 Arthur Rep Clifford 2 Split Dec. 19, 1881 confirmed 51–5 Dec. 20, 1881 1
Roscoe Conkling 52 Arthur Rep Hunt 1 Split Feb. 24, 1882 declined 39–12 Mar. 2, 1882 6
Samuel Blatchford 62 Arthur Rep Hunt 1 Split Mar. 13, 1882 confirmed voice Mar. 22, 1882 9
Lucius Q.C. Lamar 62 Cleveland Dem Woods 3 Rep Dec. 6, 1887 confirmed 32–28 Jan. 16, 1888 41
Melville Fuller 55 Cleveland Dem Waite CJ Rep Apr. 30, 1888 confirmed 41–20 July 20, 1888 81
David Josiah Brewer 52 B. Harrison Rep Matthews 6 Rep Dec. 4, 1889 confirmed 53–11 Dec. 18, 1889 14
Henry Billings Brown 54 B. Harrison Rep Miller 4 Rep Dec. 23, 1890 confirmed voice Dec. 29, 1890 6
George Shiras, Jr. 60 B. Harrison Rep Bradley 10 Rep July 19, 1892 confirmed voice July 26, 1892 7
Howell E. Jackson 60 B. Harrison Rep Lamar 3 Rep Feb. 2, 1893 confirmed voice Feb. 18, 1893 16
William Hornblower 42 Cleveland Dem Blatchford 1 Dem Sep. 19, 1893 rejected N/A
William Hornblower 42 Cleveland Dem Blatchford 1 Dem Dec. 5, 1893 rejected 24–30 Jan. 15, 1894 41
Wheeler H. Peckham 61 Cleveland Dem Blatchford 1 Dem Jan. 22, 1894 rejected 32–41 Feb. 16, 1894 25
Edward D. White 48 Cleveland Dem Blatchford 1 Dem Feb. 19, 1894 confirmed voice Feb. 19, 1894 0
Rufus W. Peckham 57 Cleveland Dem Jackson 3 Rep Dec. 3, 1895 confirmed voice Dec. 9, 1895 6
Joseph McKenna 54 McKinley Rep Field 9 Rep Dec. 16, 1897 confirmed voice Jan. 21, 1898 36
Oliver W. Holmes Jr.[1] 61 T. Roosevelt Rep Gray 2 Rep Dec. 2, 1902 confirmed voice Dec. 4, 1902 2
William R. Day 53 T. Roosevelt Rep Shiras 10 Rep Feb. 19, 1903 confirmed voice Feb. 23, 1903 4
William Henry Moody 52 T. Roosevelt Rep Brown 4 Rep Dec. 3, 1906 confirmed voice Dec. 12, 1906 9
Horace Harmon Lurton 65 Taft Rep Peckham 3 Rep Dec. 13, 1909 confirmed voice Dec. 20, 1909 7
Charles Evans Hughes 48 Taft Rep Brewer 6 Rep Apr. 25, 1910 confirmed voice May 2, 1910 7
Edward D. White[2] 65 Taft Rep Fuller CJ Rep Dec. 12, 1910 confirmed voice Dec. 12, 1910 0
Willis Van Devanter 51 Taft Rep White 1 Rep Dec. 12, 1910 confirmed voice Dec. 15, 1910 3
Joseph Rucker Lamar 53 Taft Rep Moody 4 Rep Dec. 12, 1910 confirmed voice Dec. 15, 1910 3
Mahlon Pitney 54 Taft Rep Harlan 8 Rep Feb. 19, 1912 confirmed 50–26 Mar. 13, 1912 23
James C. McReynolds 52 Wilson Dem Lurton 3 Dem Aug. 19, 1914 confirmed 44–6 Aug. 29, 1914 10
Louis Brandeis 59 Wilson Dem Lamar 4 Dem Jan. 28, 1916 confirmed 47–22 June 1, 1916 125
John Hessin Clarke 58 Wilson Dem Hughes 6 Dem July 14, 1916 confirmed voice July 24, 1916 10
William Howard Taft 63 Harding Rep White CJ Rep June 30, 1921 confirmed voice June 30, 1921 0
George Sutherland 60 Harding Rep Clarke 6 Rep Sep. 5, 1922 confirmed voice Sep. 5, 1922 0
Pierce Butler 56 Harding Rep Day 10 Rep Dec. 5, 1922 confirmed 61–8 Dec. 21, 1922 16
Edward Terry Sanford 58 Harding Rep Pitney 8 Rep Jan. 24, 1923 confirmed voice Jan. 29, 1923 5
Harlan F. Stone 52 Coolidge Rep McKenna 9 Rep Jan. 5, 1925 confirmed 71–6 Feb. 5, 1925 31
Charles Evans Hughes 67 Hoover Rep Taft CJ Rep Feb. 3, 1930 confirmed 52–26 Feb. 13, 1930 10
John J. Parker 44 Hoover Rep Sanford 8 Rep Mar. 21, 1930 rejected 39–41 May 7, 1930 47
Owen Roberts 55 Hoover Rep Sanford 8 Rep May 9, 1930 confirmed voice May 20, 1930 11
Benjamin N. Cardozo 61 Hoover Rep Holmes 2 Rep Feb. 15, 1932 confirmed voice Feb. 24, 1932 9
Hugo Black 51 F. Roosevelt Dem Van Devanter 1 Dem Aug. 12, 1937[9] confirmed 63–16 Aug. 17, 1937 5
Stanley Forman Reed 53 F. Roosevelt Dem Sutherland 6 Dem Jan. 15, 1938 confirmed voice Jan. 25, 1938 10
Felix Frankfurter 56 F. Roosevelt Dem Cardozo 2 Dem Jan. 5, 1939 confirmed voice Jan. 17, 1939 12
William O. Douglas 40 F. Roosevelt Dem Brandeis 4 Dem Mar. 20, 1939 confirmed 62–4 Apr. 4, 1939 15
Frank Murphy 50 F. Roosevelt Dem Butler 10 Dem Jan. 4, 1940 confirmed voice Jan. 16, 1940 14
Harlan F. Stone[2] 68 F. Roosevelt Dem Hughes CJ Dem June 12, 1941 confirmed voice June 27, 1941 15
James F. Byrnes 58 F. Roosevelt Dem McReynolds 3 Dem June 12, 1941 confirmed voice June 12, 1941 0
Robert H. Jackson 49 F. Roosevelt Dem Stone 9 Dem June 12, 1941 confirmed voice July 7, 1941 25
Wiley Blount Rutledge 48 F. Roosevelt Dem Byrnes 3 Dem Jan. 11, 1943 confirmed voice Feb. 8, 1943 28
Harold Hitz Burton 57 Truman Dem Roberts 8 Dem Sep. 19, 1945 confirmed voice Sep. 19, 1945 0
Fred M. Vinson 56 Truman Dem Stone CJ Dem June 6, 1946 confirmed voice June 20, 1946 14
Tom C. Clark 49 Truman Dem Murphy 10 Dem Aug. 2, 1949 confirmed 73–8 Aug. 18, 1949 16
Sherman Minton 58 Truman Dem Rutledge 3 Dem Sep. 15, 1949 confirmed 48–16 Oct. 4, 1949 19
Earl Warren[1] 62 Eisenhower Rep Vinson CJ Rep Jan. 11, 1954 confirmed voice Mar. 1, 1954 49
John Marshall Harlan II 55 Eisenhower Rep Jackson 9 Rep Nov. 9, 1954 no action N/A
John Marshall Harlan II 55 Eisenhower Rep Jackson 9 Rep Jan. 10, 1955 confirmed 71–11 Mar. 16, 1955 65
William J. Brennan Jr.[1] 50 Eisenhower Rep Minton 3 Dem Jan. 14, 1957 confirmed voice Mar. 19, 1957 64
Charles Evans Whittaker 56 Eisenhower Rep Reed 6 Dem Mar. 2, 1957 confirmed voice Mar. 19, 1957 17
Potter Stewart[1] 44 Eisenhower Rep Burton 8 Dem Jan. 17, 1959 confirmed 70–17 May 5, 1959 108
Byron White 44 Kennedy Dem Whittaker 6 Dem Apr. 3, 1962 confirmed voice Apr. 11, 1962 8
Arthur Goldberg 54 Kennedy Dem Frankfurter 2 Dem Aug. 31, 1962 confirmed voice Sep. 25, 1962 25
Abe Fortas 55 L. Johnson Dem Goldberg 2 Dem July 28, 1965 confirmed voice Aug. 11, 1965 14
Thurgood Marshall 58 L. Johnson Dem Clark 10 Dem June 13, 1967 confirmed 69–11 Aug. 30, 1967 78
Abe Fortas[2] 58 L. Johnson Dem Warren CJ Dem June 26, 1968 withdrawn Oct. 2, 1968 98
Homer Thornberry 59 L. Johnson Dem Fortas 2 Dem June 26, 1968 withdrawn Oct. 2, 1968 98
Warren E. Burger 61 Nixon Rep Warren CJ Dem May 23, 1969 confirmed 74–3 June 9, 1969 17
Clement Haynsworth 56 Nixon Rep Fortas 2 Dem Aug. 21, 1969 rejected 45–55 Nov. 21, 1969 92
G. Harrold Carswell 50 Nixon Rep Fortas 2 Dem Jan. 19, 1970 rejected 45–51 Apr. 8, 1970 79
Harry Blackmun 61 Nixon Rep Fortas 2 Dem Apr. 15, 1970 confirmed 94–0 May 12, 1970 27
Lewis F. Powell Jr. 64 Nixon Rep Black 1 Dem Oct. 22, 1971 confirmed 89–1 Dec. 6, 1971 45
William Rehnquist 47 Nixon Rep Harlan 9 Dem Oct. 22, 1971 confirmed 68–26 Dec. 10, 1971 49
John Paul Stevens 55 Ford Rep Douglas 4 Dem Nov. 28, 1975 confirmed 98–0 Dec. 17, 1975 19
Sandra Day O'Connor 51 Reagan Rep Stewart 8 Rep Aug. 19, 1981 confirmed 99–0 Sep. 21, 1981 33
William Rehnquist[2] 61 Reagan Rep Burger CJ Rep June 20, 1986 confirmed 65–33 Sep. 17, 1986 89
Antonin Scalia 50 Reagan Rep Rehnquist 9 Rep June 24, 1986 confirmed 98–0 Sep. 17, 1986 85
Robert Bork 60 Reagan Rep Powell 1 Dem July 1, 1987 rejected 42–58 Oct. 23, 1987 114
Douglas Ginsburg 41 Reagan Rep Powell 1 Dem Oct. 29, 1987 withdrawn Nov. 7, 1987 10
Anthony Kennedy 51 Reagan Rep Powell 1 Dem Nov. 30, 1987 confirmed 97–0 Feb. 3, 1988 65
David Souter 50 G. H. W. Bush Rep Brennan 3 Dem July 25, 1990 confirmed 90–9 Oct. 2, 1990 69
Clarence Thomas 43 G. H. W. Bush Rep Marshall 10 Dem July 8, 1991 confirmed 52–48 Oct. 15, 1991 99
Ruth Bader Ginsburg 60 Clinton Dem White 6 Dem June 14, 1993 confirmed 96–3 Aug. 3, 1993 50
Stephen Breyer 55 Clinton Dem Blackmun 2 Dem May 17, 1994 confirmed 87–9 July 29, 1994 73
John Roberts 50 G. W. Bush Rep O'Connor 8 Rep July 29, 2005 withdrawn Sep. 6, 2005 39
John Roberts 50 G. W. Bush Rep Rehnquist CJ Rep Sep. 6, 2005 confirmed 78–22 Sep. 29, 2005 23
Harriet Miers 60 G. W. Bush Rep O'Connor 8 Rep Oct. 7, 2005 withdrawn Oct. 28, 2005 21
Samuel Alito 55 G. W. Bush Rep O'Connor 8 Rep Nov. 10, 2005 confirmed 58–42 Jan. 31, 2006 82
Sonia Sotomayor 54 Obama Dem Souter 3 Dem June 1, 2009 confirmed 68–31 Aug. 6, 2009 66
Elena Kagan 50 Obama Dem Stevens 4 Dem May 10, 2010 confirmed 63–37 Aug. 5, 2010 87
Merrick Garland 63 Obama Dem Scalia 9 Rep Mar. 16, 2016 no action Jan. 3, 2017[2] 293
Neil Gorsuch 49 Trump Rep Scalia 9 Rep Feb. 1, 2017 confirmed 54-45 Apr. 7, 2017 65

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Supreme Court Nominations". Official website of the United States Senate. Retrieved February 3, 2006. 
  2. ^ Bravin, Jess (January 3, 2017). "President Obama’s Supreme Court Nomination of Merrick Garland Expires". Wall Street Journal. 

Notes

  1. ^ William Henry Harrison, Zachary Taylor, and Jimmy Carter did not have an opportunity to appoint a Supreme Court Justice. Andrew Johnson's lone nominee was not confirmed by the Senate.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h Nominee was serving on the Court under a recess appointment when the nomination was made.
  3. ^ a b c d Nominee was a sitting associate justice who was nominated to the Chief Justiceship.
  4. ^ On June 15, 1844, a move was made to table the nomination. The tally of 27–20 is the result of that motion. The nomination was subsequently withdrawn on June 17.
  5. ^ On this date a motion was made to consider the nomination, but the motion died without a vote when an objection was made.
  6. ^ The Senate never considered his nomination. A motion to consider it was rejected by the listed 25–26 vote.
  7. ^ The Judicial Circuits Act of 1866 abolished the 7th seat on its passage on July 23, 1866. It also abolished the 5th seat on the death of James Moore Wayne on July 5, 1867.
  8. ^ Stanton was confirmed, but died before he could take office.
  9. ^ The letter submitting Black's nomination to the Senate was undated.

External links

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