Paraaortic lymph nodes
|Periaortic lymph nodes|
Lymph nodes (Paraaortic labeled in center in blue.)
Left Lumbar Lymph Nodes (Paraaortic Lymph Nodes)
1. Lateral aortic
4. Intermediate Lumbar
Right Lumbar Lymph Nodes (Paracaval Lymph Nodes)
5. Lateral caval
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The paraaortic lymph nodes (also known as periaortic, and lumbar) are a group of lymph nodes that lie in front of the lumbar vertebrae near the aorta. These lymph nodes receive drainage from the gastrointestinal tract and the abdominal organs.
The paraaortic lymph node group is divided into three subgroups: preaortic, retroaortic, and right and left lateral aortic.
- The preaortic group drains the abdominal part of the gastrointestinal tract above the mid-rectum.
- The retroaortic group drains from the lateral and preaortic glands.
- The lateral aortic group drains the iliac lymph nodes[disambiguation needed], the ovaries, and other pelvic organs. The lateral group nodes are located adjacent to the aorta, anterior to the spine, extending laterally to the edge of the psoas major muscles, and superiorly to the crura of the diaphragm.
The right lateral aortic glands, are situated partly in front of the inferior vena cava near the termination of the renal vein, and partly behind it on the origin of the psoas major, and on the right crus of diaphragm.
The left lateral aortic glands form a chain on the left side of the abdominal aorta in front of the origin of the psoas major and on the left crus of the diaphragm.
Both sets of glands on the right and left side receive
- (a) the efferents of the common iliac lymph nodes
- (b) the lymphatics from the testis in the male, and from the ovary, uterine tube, and uterus in the female
- (c) the lymphatics from the kidney and suprarenal gland
- (d) the lymphatics draining the lateral abdominal muscles and accompanying the lumbar veins
Most of the efferent vessels of the lateral aortic glands converge to form the right and left lumbar trunks which join the cisterna chyli, but some enter the preaortic and retroaortic lymph nodes, and others pierce the crura of the diaphragm to join the lower end of the thoracic duct.