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Picocoraciae


Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Picocoraciae
Updated: 2016-12-17T12:05Z
Picocoraciae
Picocoraciae.jpg
From left to right: Hoopoe (Upupa epops), European roller (Coracias garrulus) and Great spotted woodpecker (Dendrocopos major)
Scientific classification e
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class:Aves
Clade:Cavitaves
Clade:Picocoraciae
Mayr, 2010
Clades

Picocoraciae is a clade that contains the order Bucerotiformes (hornbills and hoopoes) and the clade Picodynastornithes (containing birds like kingfishers and rollers, and woodpeckers and toucans) supported by various genetic analysis[1][2][3][4][5][6] and morphological studies.[7] While these studies supported a sister grouping of Coraciiformes and Piciformes, a large scale, sparse supermatrix has suggested alternative sister relationship between Bucerotiformes and Piciformes instead.[8]


Picocoraciae

Bucerotiformes (hornbills, hoopoe and wood hoopoes)


Picodynastornithes

Coraciiformes (rollers and kingfishers)



Piciformes (woodpeckers and toucans)





References

  1. ^ Hackett, S.J.; et al. (2008). "A Phylogenomic Study of Birds Reveals Their Evolutionary History". Science. 320: 1763–8. PMID 18583609. doi:10.1126/science.1157704. 
  2. ^ Ericson, P.G. (2012). "Evolution of terrestrial birds in three continents: biogeography and parallel radiations" (PDF). Journal of Biogeography. 39 (5): 813–824. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2699.2011.02650.x. 
  3. ^ Naish, D. (2012). "Birds." Pp. 379-423 in Brett-Surman, M.K., Holtz, T.R., and Farlow, J. O. (eds.), The Complete Dinosaur (Second Edition). Indiana University Press (Bloomington & Indianapolis).
  4. ^ Yuri, T (2013). "Parsimony and model-based analyses of indels in avian nuclear genes reveal congruent and incongruent phylogenetic signals". Biology. 2: 419–44. PMC 4009869Freely accessible. PMID 24832669. doi:10.3390/biology2010419. 
  5. ^ Kimball, R.T. et al. (2013) Identifying localized biases in large datasets: A case study using the Avian Tree of Life. Mol Phylogenet Evol. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2013.05.029
  6. ^ Jarvis, E. D.; Mirarab, S.; Aberer, A. J.; et al. (2014). "Whole-genome analyses resolve early branches in the tree of life of modern birds". Science. 346 (6215): 1320–1331. PMC 4405904Freely accessible. PMID 25504713. doi:10.1126/science.1253451. 
  7. ^ LIVEZEY, BRADLEY C.; ZUSI, RICHARD L. (2007). "Higher-order phylogeny of modern birds (Theropoda, Aves: Neornithes) based on comparative anatomy. II. Analysis and discussion". Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society. 149 (1): 1–95. PMC 2517308Freely accessible. PMID 18784798. doi:10.1111/j.1096-3642.2006.00293.x. 
  8. ^ Davis KE, Page RDM. Reweaving the Tapestry: a Supertree of Birds. PLOS Currents Tree of Life. 2014 Jun 9. Edition 1. doi:10.1371/currents.tol.c1af68dda7c999ed9f1e4b2d2df7a08e


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