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Prince Olav Mountains

Updated: 2017-05-21T14:22Z

The Prince Olav Mountains is a mountain range of the Queen Maud Mountains stretching from Shackleton Glacier to Liv Glacier at the head of the Ross Ice Shelf.[1]

Discovered in 1911 by Roald Amundsen on the way to the South Pole, and named by him for the then Crown Prince Olav of Norway.[1] Coordinates: 84°57′S 173°00′W / 84.950°S 173.000°W / -84.950; -173.000

Key mountains

This range includes the following mountains and peaks:

Mount Wade4,08413,39984°51′S 174°19′W / 84.850°S 174.317°W / -84.850; -174.317
Mount Fisher4,08013,38685°06′S 171°03′W / 85.100°S 171.050°W / -85.100; -171.050
Centennial Peak4,07013,35384°57′S 174°00′W / 84.950°S 174.000°W / -84.950; -174.000
Mount Ray3,90412,80885°07′S 170°48′W / 85.117°S 170.800°W / -85.117; -170.800
Mount Sellery3,89512,77984°58′S 172°45′W / 84.967°S 172.750°W / -84.967; -172.750
Mount Oliver3,80012,46784°56′S 173°44′W / 84.933°S 173.733°W / -84.933; -173.733
Mount Campbell3,79012,43484°55′S 174°00′W / 84.917°S 174.000°W / -84.917; -174.000
Jones Peak3,67012,04185°05′S 172°00′W / 85.083°S 172.000°W / -85.083; -172.000
Mount Finley3,47011,38585°01′S 173°58′W / 85.017°S 173.967°W / -85.017; -173.967
Mount Smithson3,0009,84384°59′S 172°10′W / 84.983°S 172.167°W / -84.983; -172.167
Allaire Peak1,9006,23484°53′S 170°54′W / 84.883°S 170.900°W / -84.883; -170.900

Allaire Peak

Allaire Peak is a rock peak standing 3 nautical miles (6 km) northwest of Mount Hall, between the Gough and Le Couteur Glaciers. Named by Advisory Committee on Antarctic Names (US-ACAN) for Captain C.J. Allaire, USA, on the Staff of the Commander, U.S. Naval Support Force, Antarctica, during U.S. Navy Operation Deep Freeze 1963.[2]

Mount Campbell

Mount Campbell is a prominent peak standing 5.6 km (3.5 mi) southeast of Mount Wade. Discovered and photographed by the USAS (1939–41), and surveyed by A.P. Crary (1957–58). Named by Crary for Joel Campbell of the U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey, Antarctic Project Leader for geomagnetic operations, 1957-60.[3]

Centennial Peak

Centennial Peak is a mountain situated 10.5 kilometres (6.5 mi) SSE of Mount Wade. Mapped by USGS from surveys and U.S. Navy air photos 1960-65. Named by US-ACAN in recognition of the Centennial of Ohio State University in 1970, the same year the University's Institute of Polar Studies celebrated its Decennial. The University and the Institute have been very active in Antarctic investigations since 1960.[4]

Mount Finley

Mount Finley is a prominent mountain on the ridge which extends south from Mount Wade, located 5 mi SSW of Mount Oliver. Named by Rear Admiral Byrd for John H. Finley, President of the American Geographical Society at the time of the Byrd Antarctic Expedition, 1928-30.[5]

Mount Fisher

Mount Fisher is a domed, snow-capped summit standing three km northwest of Mount Ray. Discovered and photographed by Byrd on flights to the Queen Maud Mountains in November 1929, and named by him for the Fisher brothers, Detroit industrialists and contributors to the Byrd Antarctic Expedition, 1928-30.[6]

Jones Peak

Jones Peak is a mainly ice-free peak standing 8 km (5 mi) WNW of Mount Fisher at the head of DeGanahl Glacier. Named by Advisory Committee on Antarctic Names (US-ACAN) for John M. Jones, Program Officer of the Committee on Polar Research, United States National Academy of Sciences, 1957-1963.[7]

Mount Oliver

Mount Oliver is a mountain over 3,800 metres standing three km southeast of Mount Campbell. Discovered and photographed by the USAS, 1939-41. Surveyed by A.P. Crary (1957–58) and named by him for Norman Oliver, Air Force Cambridge Research Center, who was Antarctic Project Leader for aurora operations, 1957-60.[8]

Mount Ray

Mount Ray is a mountain located 2.4 km southeast of Mount Fisher. Named by US-ACAN for Carleton Ray, USARP zoologist at McMurdo Station in the 1963-64, 1964–65, and 1965–66 summer seasons.[9]

Mount Sellery

Mount Sellery is a prominent peak between Mount Oliver and Mount Smithson. Discovered and photographed by Byrd on the Baselaying Flight of November 18, 1929, and surveyed by A.P. Crary in 1957-58. The mountain is named by Crary for Harry Sellery of the U.S. National Bureau of Standards, who was Antarctic Project Leader for ionosphere studies, 1957-60.[10]

Mount Smithson

Mount Smithson is a mountain over 3,000 m along the northern escarpment of the Prince Olav Mountains, standing 3 mi E of Mount Sellery between the heads of Krout and Harwell Glaciers. Named by US-ACAN for James Smithson, English philanthropist. In 1835, his property came into the possession of the United States Government, having been bequeathed by him for the purpose of founding an institution at Washington, DC, to be called the Smithsonian Institution for the increase and diffusion of knowledge among men.[11]


Geographical features include:


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