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AMA Supercross Championship


Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/AMA_Supercross_Championship
Updated: 2017-07-25T22:34Z
Monster Energy AMA Supercross An FIM World Championship
CategoryMotorcycle sport
Motorcycle racing
CountryUnited States
Inaugural season1974
Classes450SX, 250SX East, 250SX West, KTM Junior
Riders38
ConstructorsHonda · Kawasaki · KTM · Suzuki · Yamaha • Husqvarna Motorcycles
Riders' championUnited States Ryan Dungey
Teams' championRed Bull KTM
Constructors' championAustria KTM
Official websitewww.supercrosslive.com

The AMA Supercross Championship is an American motorcycle racing series. Supercross is one of the major kinds of motorcycle races, together with motorcycle speedway and motorcycle road racing.[1] An offshoot of the sport of motocross, which takes place on natural terrain, Supercross racing involves off-road motorcycles on an artificial, man-made dirt track consisting of steep jumps and obstacles.

Founded by the American Motorcyclist Association (AMA) in 1974, the AMA Supercross Championship races are held from January through early May in major league baseball and football stadiums. The easy accessibility and comfort of these stadium venues helped Supercross surpass motocross as a spectator attraction in the United States by the late 1970s.[2]

History

The first motocross race held on an artificially created race track inside a stadium took place on August 28, 1948 at Buffalo Stadium in the Paris suburb of Montrouge.[3] With the surge in popularity of motocross in the United States in the late 1960s, Bill France added a professional motocross race to the 1971 Daytona Beach Bike Week schedule.[3] The 1972 race was held at Daytona International Speedway on an artificial track on the grass surface between the main grandstand and the pit lane.[3]

The event that paved the way for artificial, stadium-based motocross events was the 1972 race held in the Los Angeles Coliseum and won by Marty Tripes at the age of 16.[3][4] The event was promoted by Mike Goodwin and Terry Tiernan, President of the AMA at the time.[3] It was billed as the "Super Bowl of Motocross" which eventually led to the coining of the term Supercross. The Super Bowl of Motocross II held the following year was an even greater success and, eventually evolved into the AMA Supercross championship held in stadiums across the United States and Canada.[3] While Motocross and Supercross are similar in many respects, they would become a distinctly different forms of racing, taking motocross to more people and broader audiences through the use of television.[3] Supercross would evolve until it arguably became the most important motocross series in the world, displacing the Grand Prix world championship as the premier off-road motorcycle racing series.[2][3]

Originally, each of the AMA Supercross races were promoted by different companies, most notably Mike Goodwin in the West, Pace Motorsports in the Midwest and Southwest, and Super Sports in the East. In the 1980s, Mickey Thompson (MTEG) partnered Goodwin, then took over the West region. In the 1990s, MTEG went bankrupt and Super Sports sold its business to SRO/Pace, which became the single AMA Supercross promoter. The company was bought by SFX Entertainment in 1998, and Clear Channel bought the latter in 2000. The events division of Clear Channel was split off as Live Nation in 2005, and the motorsports division was sold to Feld Entertainment in 2008, which currently promote the championship.

While growing consistently since the '70s, in the early part of the 21st Century Supercross' popularity really took off.[2] In the United States, Supercross races today are now some of the most popular races regularly held. The American Motorcyclist Association awards three Supercross Championship Champs each year. They are the 450cc (was known as 250cc two-stroke), and both an East and West division on the 250cc (was 125cc two-stroke). World Supercross Champions are named by other racing organizations around the world. Supercross racing classifications are governed by the displacement of the motorcycle's engine based on two-stroke engines until 2006, as four-stroke engines replaced two-stroke engines. Since then, the AMA has labeled the classes by four-stroke displacement. From 2007 until 2012, a formula nomenclature similar to INDYCAR was used, with the 450cc class known as Supercross and 250cc as Supercross Lites. Starting in 2013, the AMA and Feld Motor Sports returned to the traditional nomenclature, based on four-stroke engines—450cc (known as "MX1" in Europe), and 250cc displacement levels (also known as "MX2"). The 450cc Champion has always been generally considered to be the most prestigious.

Competition

The AMA series begins in early January and continues until mid-May. It consists of 17 rounds in the 450cc Class, and 8 rounds in 250cc West Class and 8 rounds in the 250cc East Class, which the final round has the East-West Shootout in May, and 14 major stadia and one permanent racing circuit (in a temporary stadium setup) all over North America.

Each meet is structured similarly to Short track motor racing with two heat races and a consolation race in each class. In both classes, each heat race is five minutes plus one lap. Each heat features 20 riders (one may have 21 riders depending on qualifying results), with the top nine advancing to the feature. The other 22-23 riders are relegated to the consolation race, known as the Last Chance Qualifier, which is three minutes plus one lap, with the top four advancing to the feature. In 2014, the number of riders taken from each heat in the 450cc class was reduced to four, with a pair of five lap, sixteen rider semis being added from which five additional riders would transfer and the remaining riders going from there to the consolation race.

In the 450cc class, the highest placed competitor in points, provided he is in the top ten in national points, and has yet to qualify after either heat race or consolation race, will receive a provisional for the feature race. The feature race is 15 minutes plus one lap in the 250cc class, and 20 minutes plus one lap for the 450cc class, with 25 championship points for the race win.

For the season-ending East-West Shootout at Las Vegas for the 250cc class starting in May 2011, each region's top 20 will race in the non-championship event for a 15-minute heat race. Standard rules apply, with the feature race being 10 laps. In 2016, the East-West Shootout became a points-paying round where both regions' champions would be decided in the same feature.

Starting with the 2012 Season, riders who are in first place in the Series' Points Lead will use the red plate to race in the Series.

If at any point during the Heat Races, LCQs or the Feature Races, that the race is red-flagged within less than 3 laps, the race will be a complete restart. However, if the race is red-flagged with more than 3 laps completed but less than 90% of the total race distance and after a minimum of a 10-minute delay, the race will be a staggered restart with riders lined up from the previous lap they went.

Track

Among the obstacles, riders must navigate through every lap. The track takes a combination of obstacles such as whoop sections (where riders skim along the tops of multiple bumps), rhythm sections (irregular series of jumps with a variety of combination options), and triple jumps (three jumps in a row that riders normally clear in a single leap of 70 feet or more). Many of the turns have banked berms, but some are flat. It takes roughly five hundred truckloads of dirt to make up a supercross track. Soil conditions can be hard-packed, soft, muddy, sandy, rutted, or any combination thereof.

AMA Supercross Championship winners by year

Merged with World Supercross Championship in 2008.[5][6][7][8]

Year450cc Class
(formerly 250 cc 2-stroke)
250cc West
(formerly 125 cc 2-stroke West)
250cc East
(formerly 125 cc 2-stroke East)
2017United States Ryan DungeyUnited States Justin HillUnited States Zach Osborne
2016United States Ryan DungeyUnited States Cooper WebbUnited States Malcolm Stewart
2015United States Ryan DungeyUnited States Cooper WebbFrance Marvin Musquin
2014United States Ryan VillopotoUnited States Jason AndersonUnited States Justin Bogle
2013United States Ryan VillopotoGermany Ken RoczenUnited States Wil Hahn
2012United States Ryan VillopotoUnited States Eli TomacUnited States Justin Barcia
2011United States Ryan VillopotoUnited States Broc TickleUnited States Justin Barcia
2010United States Ryan DungeyUnited States Jake WeimerFrance Christophe Pourcel
2009United States James Stewart, Jr.United States Ryan DungeyFrance Christophe Pourcel
2008Australia Chad ReedUnited States Jason LawrenceUnited States Trey Canard
2007United States James Stewart, Jr.United States Ryan VillopotoNew Zealand Ben Townley
2006United States Ricky CarmichaelSouth Africa Grant LangstonUnited States Davi Millsaps
2005United States Ricky CarmichaelUnited States Ivan TedescoSouth Africa Grant Langston
2004Australia Chad ReedUnited States Ivan TedescoUnited States James Stewart, Jr.
2003United States Ricky CarmichaelUnited States James Stewart, Jr.United States Branden Jesseman
2002United States Ricky CarmichaelUnited States Travis PrestonAustralia Chad Reed
2001United States Ricky CarmichaelCosta Rica Ernesto FonsecaUnited States Travis Pastrana
2000United States Jeremy McGrathUnited States Shae BentleyFrance Stéphane Roncada
1999United States Jeremy McGrathUnited States Nathan RamseyCosta Rica Ernesto Fonseca
1998United States Jeremy McGrathUnited States John DowdUnited States Ricky Carmichael
1997United States Jeff EmigUnited States Kevin WindhamUnited States Tim Ferry
1996United States Jeremy McGrathUnited States Kevin WindhamFrance Mickaël Pichon
1995United States Jeremy McGrathUnited States Damon HuffmanFrance Mickaël Pichon
1994United States Jeremy McGrathUnited States Damon HuffmanUnited States Ezra Lusk
1993United States Jeremy McGrathUnited States Jimmy GaddisUnited States Doug Henry
1992United States Jeff StantonUnited States Jeremy McGrathUnited States Brian Swink
1991France Jean-Michel BayleUnited States Jeremy McGrathUnited States Brian Swink
1990United States Jeff StantonUnited States Ty DavisUnited States Denny Stephenson
1989United States Jeff StantonUnited States Jeff MatiasevichUnited States Damon Bradshaw
1988United States Rick JohnsonUnited States Jeff MatiasevichUnited States Todd DeHoop
1987United States Jeff WardUnited States Willie SurrattUnited States Ron Tichenor
1986United States Rick JohnsonUnited States Donny SchmitUnited States Keith Turpin
1985United States Jeff WardUnited States Bobby MooreUnited States Eddie Warren
1984United States Johnny O'Mara
1983United States David Bailey
1982United States Donnie Hansen
1981United States Mark Barnett
1980United States Mike Bell
1979United States Bob Hannah
1978United States Bob Hannah
1977United States Bob Hannah
1976United States Jimmy Weinert500 cc Winner
1975United States Jimmy EllisUnited States Steve Stackable
1974Netherlands Pierre KarsmakersUnited States Gary Semics

Winningest riders

Source:[9]

All time Supercross wins list
450/250 ClassWins250/125 ClassWins
United States Jeremy McGrath72United States James Stewart Jr.18
United States James Stewart Jr.50United States Nathan Ramsey15
United States Ricky Carmichael48United States Jeremy McGrath13
Australia Chad Reed44United States Ricky Carmichael12
United States Ryan Villopoto41United States Ryan Dungey12
United States Ryan Dungey34United States Kevin Windham12
United States Ricky Johnson28Costa Rica Ernesto Fonseca12
United States Bob Hannah27United States Damon Huffman12
United States Jeff Ward20United States Brian Swink12
United States Damon Bradshaw19France Christophe Pourcel12
United States Kevin Windham18United States Eli Tomac12
United States Jeff Stanton17United States Ryan Villopoto11
United States Mark Barnett17France Marvin Musquin11
France Jean-Michel Bayle16United States Jeff Matiasevich11
United States Eli Tomac13United States Justin Barcia11
United States David Bailey12United States Cooper Webb11
United States Ezra Lusk12United States Ivan Tedesco10
Germany Ken Roczen11France Mickaël Pichon10
United States Mike Bell11United States Jake Weimer9
United States Broc Glover10United States Travis Pastrana8
United States Mike Larrocco10United States Denny Stephenson8
United States Ron Lechien8United States Keith Turpin8
United States Jimmy Ellis8Scotland Dean Wilson8
United States Jeff Emig7South Africa Grant Langston7
United States Johnny O'Mara7United States Davi Millsaps7
France David Vuillemin7France Stéphane Roncada7
United States Davi Millsaps5United States John Dowd7
United States Mike Kiedrowski5United States Ezra Lusk7
United States Kent Howerton5United States Doug Henry7
United States Trey Canard5United States Trey Canard7
United States Donnie Hansen4United States Josh Hansen7
United States Darrell Shultz4Australia Chad Reed6
United States Jim Weinert4United States Jeff Emig6
United States Kent Howerton4United States Damon Bradshaw6
United States Larry Ward3United States Braden Jesseman5
United States Marty Smith3United States Andrew Short5
United States Jason Anderson3Germany Ken Roczen5
United States Tony Distefano2United States Jason Anderson5
United States Justin Barcia2United States Cole Seely5
United States Marty Tripes2United States Justin Hill5
France Marvin Musquin2United States Adam Cianciarulo5
United States Cole Seely1United States Jeremy Martin4
United States Andrew Short1United States Michael Brown4
United States Josh Grantl1United States Travis Preston4
United States Josh Hill1United States David Pingree4
United States Nathan Ramsey1France David Vuillemin4
United States John Dowd1United States Ryan Hughes4
France Sébastien Tortelli1United States Jimmy Button4
United States Damon Huffman1United States Donnie Scmit4
South Africa Greg Albertyn1United States Rich Tichenor4
United States Michael Craig1United States Willie Surratt4
United States Doug Dubach1United States Blake Baggett4
United States Jeff Matiasevich1United States Broc Sellards4
United States Rex Staten1United States Joey Savatgy4
United States Chuck Sun1Ecuador Martin Davalos4
United States Steve Wise1United States Blake Wharton3
United States Gaylon Mosier1United States Justin Bogle3
Czechoslovakia Jaroslav Falta1United States Austin Stroupe3
United States Jim Pomeroy1United States Jason Lawrence3
Netherlands Pierre Karsmakers1New Zealand Ben Townley3
United States Rick Ryan1United States Zach Osborne3
450/250 Class SX Championships

250/125 Class is a divisional championship featuring 2 regional champions per year

450/125 ClassTitles250/125 ClassTitles
United States Jeremy McGrath7United States Jeremy McGrath2
United States Ricky Carmichael5United States Jeff Matiasevich2
United States Ryan Villopoto4United States Brian Swink2
United States Ryan Dungey4United States Damon Huffman2
United States Jeff Stanton3France Mickael Pichon2
United States Bob Hannah3United States Kevin Windham2
Australia Chad Reed2United States Ivan Tedesco2
United States James Stewart Jr.2United States James Stewart2
United States Rick Johnson2
United States Jeff Ward2
United States Jeff Emig1
France Jean-Michel Bayle1
United States Johnny O'Mara1
United States David Bailey1
United States Donnie Hansen1
United States Mark Barnett1
United States Mike Bell1
United States Jimmy Weinert1
United States Jimmy Ellis1
Netherlands Pierre Karsmakers1

Venues

Sources:[10][11]

VenueCityStatePeriodType
Angel StadiumAnaheimCalifornia1976–1979, 1981–1987,
1989–1996, 1999–present
Baseball
AT&T StadiumArlingtonTexas2010–presentFootball
CenturyLink FieldSeattleWashington2005–2014, 2017–presentFootball
Daytona International SpeedwayDaytona BeachFlorida1971–presentRacetrack
The Dome at America's CenterSt. LouisMissouri1996–presentFootball
Gillette StadiumFoxboroughMassachusetts2016, 2018-presentFootball
Lucas Oil StadiumIndianapolisIndiana2009–presentFootball
Mercedes-Benz StadiumAtlantaGeorgia2018-presentFootball
NRG StadiumHoustonTexas2003–2015, 2018-presentFootball
Oakland–Alameda County ColiseumOaklandCalifornia1979–1980, 1984,
2011–present
Baseball / football
Petco ParkSan DiegoCalifornia2015–presentBaseball
Raymond James StadiumTampaFlorida1999, 2018-presentFootball
Rice-Eccles StadiumSalt Lake CityUtah2001–2004, 2009–2013, 2017–presentFootball
Sam Boyd StadiumLas VegasNevada1990–1995, 1997–presentFootball
University of Phoenix StadiumGlendaleArizona2016–presentFootball
U.S. Bank StadiumMinneapolisMinnesota2017–presentFootball
AstrodomeHoustonTexas1974–2002Baseball / football
AT&T ParkSan FranciscoCalifornia2003–2010Baseball
Atlanta-Fulton County StadiumAtlantaGeorgia1977–1986, 1989–1992Baseball / football
Charlotte Motor SpeedwayCharlotteNorth Carolina1996–1998Racetrack
Chase FieldPhoenixArizona1999–2015Baseball
Camping World StadiumOrlandoFlorida1983–1985, 1991–1997, 2005–2007Football
Dodger StadiumLos AngelesCalifornia2011–2012Baseball
Ford FieldDetroitMichigan2006–2008, 2014–2017Football
Georgia DomeAtlantaGeorgia1993–2017Football
Hubert H. Humphrey MetrodomeMinneapolisMinnesota1994–2004, 2008, 2013Baseball / football
Jacksonville Municipal StadiumJacksonvilleFlorida2009–2011Football
KingdomeSeattleWashington1978–1999Baseball / football
Levi's StadiumSanta ClaraCalifornia2015–2016Football
Los Angeles Memorial ColiseumLos AngelesCalifornia1972–1979, 1981–1982,
1984–1992, 1997–1998
Football
Mercedes-Benz SuperdomeNew OrleansLouisiana1977–1980, 1998–2002, 2009, 2012Football
MetLife StadiumEast RutherfordNew Jersey2014–2017Football
Mile High StadiumDenverColorado1996Baseball / football
Qualcomm StadiumSan DiegoCalifornia1980–1982, 1985–1987,
1989–1996, 1998–2014
Baseball / football
RCA DomeIndianapolisIndiana1992–2008Football
Rogers CentreTorontoCanada2008–2014, 2016–2017Baseball / football
Route 66 RacewayJolietIllinois2000Racetrack
Pontiac SilverdomePontiacMichigan1976–1984, 1986–2005Football
Spartan StadiumSan JoseCalifornia1990–1995Football
Sun Devil StadiumPhoenixArizona1986–1987, 1991, 1997–1998Football
Tampa StadiumTampaFlorida1987–1990, 1992–1994, 1996, 1998Football
Texas StadiumIrvingTexas1975–1977, 1985–1989, 1991–2008Football
Three Rivers StadiumPittsburghPennsylvania1978, 1983Baseball / Football
Arrowhead StadiumKansas CityMissouri1980–1983Football
John F. Kennedy StadiumPhiladelphiaPennsylvania1980Football
Robert F. Kennedy Memorial StadiumWashington, D.C.1983Baseball / Football
Foxboro StadiumFoxboroughMassachusetts1983–1984, 1990Football
Rose BowlPasadenaCalifornia1983–1985, 1990, 1993Football
Talladega SuperspeedwayTalladegaAlabama1984Racetrack
New Era FieldOrchard ParkNew York1984Football
Cal ExpoSacramentoCalifornia1984Racetrack
Miami Orange BowlMiamiFlorida1987, 1989Football
Giants StadiumEast RutherfordNew Jersey1987–1991Football
State Fair SpeedwayOklahoma CityOklahoma1989–1991Racetrack
American Legion Memorial StadiumCharlotteNorth Carolina1990–1995Football
Tropicana FieldSt. PetersburgFlorida1991Baseball / Football
Cleveland StadiumClevelandOhio1995Baseball and football
Cotton BowlDallasTexas1983–1984, 1990Football

World Supercross Championship winners by year

Conceived in 2003; merged with AMA series prior to the 2008 season.[12][13][14]

Year450 Class
2017Ryan Dungey
2016Ryan Dungey
2015Ryan Dungey
2014Ryan Villopoto
2013Ryan Villopoto
2012Ryan Villopoto
2011Ryan Villopoto
2010Ryan Dungey
2009James Stewart, Jr.
2008Chad Reed
2007James Stewart, Jr.
2006James Stewart, Jr.
2005Ricky Carmichael
2004Heath Voss
2003Chad Reed

See also

References

External links

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