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Telluraves


Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Telluraves
Updated: 2017-04-14T18:55Z
Telluraves
Temporal range:
Late Cretaceous - Holocene, 66–0 Ma
Erithacus rubecula with cocked head.jpg
European robin, Erithacus rubecula
Scientific classification e
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class:Aves
Clade:Neoaves
Clade:Inopinaves
Clade:Telluraves
Yuri et al., 2013
Clades

Telluraves (also called land birds or core landbirds) is a recently defined[1] clade of birds with controversial content. Based on most recent genetic studies, the clade unites a variety of bird groups, including the australavians (passerines, parrots, seriamas, and falcons) as well as the afroavians (including raptors and woodpeckers).[2] They appear to be the sister group of a newly defined clade centered on Aequornithes.[3]

Given that both Afroaves and Australaves have predatory extant members, the common ancestor of Telluraves may have been a predator.[3] Many researchers are skeptical of this assessment, because some extinct representatives were herbivorous Strigogyps.[4]

Telluraves
Afroaves
Accipitrimorphae

Accipitriformes (hawks and relatives)Gyps fulvus -Basque Country-8 white background.jpgMaakotka (Aquila chrysaetos) by Jarkko Järvinen white background.jpg



Cathartiformes (New World vultures)Black Vulture RWD2013A white background.jpg





Strigiformes (owls)Tyto alba -British Wildlife Centre, Surrey, England-8a (1) white background.jpg


Coraciimorphae

Coliiformes (mousebirds)


Eucavitaves

Leptosomatiformes (cuckoo roller)


Cavitaves

Trogoniformes (trogons)Trogon surrucura brazil white background.jpg


Picocoraciae

Bucerotiformes (hornbills and relatives)Nordlig hornkorp white background.jpg


Picodynastornithes

CoraciformesHalcyon smyrnensis in India (8277355382) white background.jpg



PiciformesDendrocopos major -Durham, England -female-8 white background.jpgRamphastos toco -Stadtgärtnerei Zürich - 20100919 white background.jpg









Australaves

Cariamiformes (seriemas)Seriema (Cariama cristata) white background.jpg


Eufalconimorphae

Falconiformes (falcons)Male Peregrine Falcon (7172188034) white background.jpg


Psittacopasserae

Psittaciformes (parrots)Cockatiel Parakeet (Nymphicus hollandicus)9 white background.jpg



Passeriformes (passerines)Gorrion alfeizar Habana white background.jpgCarrion crow 20090612 white background.jpg







Cladogram of Telluraves relationships based on Prum, R.O. et al. (2015)[5] with some clade names after Yury, T. et al. (2013).[1]


References

  1. ^ a b Yuri, T.; et al. (2013). "Parsimony and Model-Based Analyses of Indels in Avian Nuclear Genes Reveal Congruent and Incongruent Phylogenetic Signals". Biology. 2 (1): 419–444. PMC 4009869Freely accessible. PMID 24832669. doi:10.3390/biology2010419. 
  2. ^ Ericson, P. G. (2012). "Evolution of terrestrial birds in three continents: biogeography and parallel radiations" (PDF). Journal of Biogeography. 39 (5): 813–824. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2699.2011.02650.x. 
  3. ^ a b Jarvis, E. D.; Mirarab, S.; Aberer, A. J.; Li, B.; Houde, P.; Li, C.; Ho, S. Y. W.; Faircloth, B. C.; Nabholz, B.; Howard, J. T.; Suh, A.; Weber, C. C.; Da Fonseca, R. R.; Li, J.; Zhang, F.; Li, H.; Zhou, L.; Narula, N.; Liu, L.; Ganapathy, G.; Boussau, B.; Bayzid, M. S.; Zavidovych, V.; Subramanian, S.; Gabaldon, T.; Capella-Gutierrez, S.; Huerta-Cepas, J.; Rekepalli, B.; Munch, K.; et al. (2014). "Whole-genome analyses resolve early branches in the tree of life of modern birds" (PDF). Science. 346 (6215): 1320–1331. PMC 4405904Freely accessible. PMID 25504713. doi:10.1126/science.1253451. 
  4. ^ Mayr, G. & Ritchter, G. (2011) Exceptionally preserved plant parenchyma in the digestive tract indicates a herbivorous diet in the Middle Eocene bird Strigogyps sapea (Ameghinornithidae). Paläontologische Zeitschrift, Volume 85, Issue 3, pp 303–307.
  5. ^ Prum, R.O. et al. (2015) A comprehensive phylogeny of birds (Aves) using targeted next-generation DNA sequencing. Nature 526, 569–573.


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