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Uterotubal junction


Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uterotubal_junction
Updated: 2016-08-04T14:09Z

The uterotubal junction or utero-tubal junction is the connection between the endometrial cavity of the uterus and the fallopian tube (uterine tube) at the proximal tubal opening, the beginning of the intramural part of the fallopian tube. Histologically, the endometrial epithelium changes over to the ciliated tubal epithelium.

Function

Patency of the utero-tubal junction is necessary for normal reproduction. The tubes can get blocked here by infection (salpingitis) and surgical intervention may be necessary.

Mouse studies have indicated that selective passage of individual spermatozoa may occur at this junction,[1] with abnormal morphology being identified as a significant selection criterion, leading to predominantly normal sperm passing towards the ovum.[2] Absence of the protein calmegin has also been suggested as a critical factor for reliable sperm passage.[1]

Other

The utero-tubal junction is accessible by hysteroscopy and the entry point for tubal cannulation and falloposcopy. Contraceptive methods have been developed to block the utero-tubal junction.

References

  1. ^ a b Nakanishi, T.; Isotani, A.; Yamaguchi, R.; Ikawa, M.; Baba, T.; Suarez, S.; Okabe, M. (Sep 2004). "Selective passage through the uterotubal junction of sperm from a mixed population produced by chimeras of calmegin-knockout and wild-type male mice" (Free full text). Biology of Reproduction. 71 (3): 959–965. ISSN 0006-3363. PMID 15151931. doi:10.1095/biolreprod.104.028647. 
  2. ^ Krzanowska, H (1974). "The Passage of Abnormal Spermatozoa Through the Uterotubal Junction of the Mouse". Reproduction. 38: 81–90. PMID 4841384. doi:10.1530/jrf.0.0380081. 


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