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  2. Compulsory sterilization - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Compulsory_sterilization

    In an attempt to attract additional U.S. private investment in Puerto Rico, another round of liberalizing trade policies were implemented and referred to as “Operation Bootstrap.” Despite these policies and their relative success, unemployment and poverty in Puerto Rico remained high, high enough to prompt an increase in emigration from ...

  3. Brown University - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brown_University

    Brown University is a private Ivy League research university in Providence, Rhode Island.Founded in 1764 as the College in the English Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, Brown is the seventh-oldest institution of higher education in the United States and one of the nine colonial colleges chartered before the American Revolution.

  4. AT&T - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/AT&T

    AT&T was founded as Bell Telephone Company by Alexander Graham Bell, Thomas Watson and Gardiner Greene Hubbard after Bell's patenting of the telephone in 1875. By 1881, Bell Telephone Company had become the American Bell Telephone Company.

  5. Economy of Puerto Rico - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Economy_of_Puerto_Rico

    The economy of Puerto Rico is classified as a high income economy by the World Bank and as the most competitive economy in Latin America by the World Economic Forum. The main drivers of Puerto Rico's economy are manufacturing, primarily pharmaceuticals, textiles, petrochemicals, and electronics; followed by the service industry, notably finance, insurance, real estate, and tourism.

  6. MS-DOS - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MS-DOS

    MS-DOS was a renamed form of 86-DOS – owned by Seattle Computer Products, written by Tim Paterson.Development of 86-DOS took only six weeks, as it was basically a clone of Digital Research's CP/M (for 8080/Z80 processors), ported to run on 8086 processors and with two notable differences compared to CP/M: an improved disk sector buffering logic, and the introduction of FAT12 instead of the ...

  7. Actuarial science - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Actuarial_science

    Actuarial science is the discipline that applies mathematical and statistical methods to assess risk in insurance, finance, and other industries and professions.More generally, actuaries apply rigorous mathematics to model matters of uncertainty.

  8. Meme - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Meme

    Shifman cites examples of how the meme mutated itself into the cultural sphere, mixing with other things going on at the time such as the 2012 U.S. presidential election, which led to the creation of Mitt Romney Style, a parody of the original Gangnam style, intended to be a jab at the 2012 Republican presidential candidate, Mitt Romney.

  9. Machine learning - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Machine_learning

    Machine learning also has intimate ties to optimization: many learning problems are formulated as minimization of some loss function on a training set of examples. Loss functions express the discrepancy between the predictions of the model being trained and the actual problem instances (for example, in classification, one wants to assign a ...