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  2. Data Protection Directive - Wikipedia

    The Data Protection Directive, officially Directive 95/46/EC, enacted in October 1995, is a European Union directive which regulates the processing of personal data within the European Union (EU) and the free movement of such data.

  3. Global surveillance disclosures (2013–present) - Wikipedia

    The disclosure revealed specific details of the NSA's close cooperation with U.S. federal agencies such as the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) and the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), in addition to the agency's previously undisclosed financial payments to numerous commercial partners and telecommunications companies, as well as its previously undisclosed relationships with ...

  4. Mikhail Gorbachev - Wikipedia

    The Soviet Union was a one-party state governed by the Communist Party, and during Gorbachev's childhood was under the leadership of Joseph Stalin. Stalin had initiated a project of mass rural collectivization which, in keeping with his Marxist–Leninist ideas, he believed would help convert the country into a socialist society.

  5. Warsaw Uprising - Wikipedia

    Warsaw Uprising; Part of Operation Tempest in the Eastern Front of World War II: Clockwise from top left: Civilians construct an anti-tank ditch in Wola district; German anti-tank gun in Theatre Square; Home Army soldier defending a barricade; Ruins of Bielańska Street; Insurgents leave the city ruins after surrendering to German forces; Allied transport planes airdrop supplies near Holy ...

  6. Patriot Act, Title II - Wikipedia,_Title_II

    The EFF believes that U.S. citizens should be allowed to support an organization deemed as terrorist, if only to support them in non-terrorist activities. One example they cite of potential problems with section 805 is that citizens would not have been able to support the African National Congress (ANC) during apartheid, as they believe they ...

  7. Switzerland - Wikipedia

    Several referendums on the EU issue ensued; due to opposition from the citizens, the membership application was withdrawn. Nonetheless, Swiss law is gradually changing to conform with that of the EU, and the government signed bilateral agreements with the European Union. Switzerland, together with Liechtenstein, has been surrounded by the EU ...

  8. Proportional tax - Wikipedia

    In many locations, "necessary" items such as non-prepared food, clothing, or prescription drugs are exempt from sales tax to alleviate the burden on the poor. Examples. Several U.S. states impose a proportional income rate tax for individuals. These states are [when?] Colorado, Indiana, Illinois, Massachusetts, Michigan, Pennsylvania and Utah.

  9. Eastern Bloc - Wikipedia

    Terminology. The term Eastern Bloc was often used interchangeably with the term Second World.This broadest usage of the term would include not only Maoist China and Cambodia, but also short-lived Soviet satellites such as the Second East Turkestan Republic (1944–1949), the People's Republic of Azerbaijan (1945–1946) and the Republic of Mahabad (1946), as well as the Marxist–Leninist ...