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  2. Earned income tax credit - Wikipedia

    The earned income tax credit has been part of political debates in the United States over whether raising the minimum wage or increasing EITC is a better idea. [5] [6] [7] In a random survey of 568 members of the American Economic Association in 2011, roughly 60% of economists agreed (31.7%) or agreed with provisos (30.8%) that the earned ...

  3. Income tax - Wikipedia

    An income tax is a tax imposed on individuals or entities (taxpayers) in respect of the income or profits earned by them (commonly called taxable income).Income tax generally is computed as the product of a tax rate times the taxable income.

  4. Foreign earned income exclusion - Wikipedia

    The exclusion is limited to income earned by a taxpayer for performance of services outside the U.S. This includes salary, bonus, and self-employment income. Where income relates to services both in the U.S. and outside the U.S., the income must be apportioned. Special rules apply to Foreign Service and military personnel. Form 2555 required

  5. IRS tax forms - Wikipedia

    Schedule M (2009 and 2010) was used to claim the Making Work Pay tax credit (6.2% earned income credit, up to $400). Schedule R is used to calculate the Credit for the Elderly or the Disabled. Schedule SE is used to calculate the self-employment tax owed on income from self-employment (such as on a Schedule C or Schedule F, or in a partnership).

  6. Negative income tax - Wikipedia

    In 1975 the United States implemented a negative income tax for the working poor through the earned income tax credit. A 1995 survey found that 78% of American economists supported (with or without provisos) the incorporation of a negative income tax into the welfare system.

  7. Child tax credit - Wikipedia

    A child tax credit (CTC) is a tax credit for parents with dependent children given by various countries. The credit is often linked to the number of dependent children a taxpayer has and sometimes the taxpayer's income level. For example, in the United States, only families making less than $400,000 per year may claim the full CTC. Similarly ...

  8. Income tax in the United States - Wikipedia

    Earned Income Tax Credit: this refundable credit is granted for a percentage of income earned by a low income individual. The credit is calculated and capped based on the number of qualifying children, if any. This credit is indexed for inflation and phased out for incomes above a certain amount. For 2015, the maximum credit was $6,422.

  9. Income tax in Australia - Wikipedia

    Income tax is collected on behalf of the federal government by the Australian Taxation Office. The two statutes under which income tax is calculated are the Income Tax Assessment Act 1936 and the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997; the former is gradually being re-written into the latter. Taxable income is the difference between assessable income ...