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  2. Human development (economics) - Wikipedia

    The theory grew in importance in the 1980s with the work of Amartya Sen and his Human Capabilities perspective, which played a role in his receiving the 1998 Nobel Prize in Economics. Notable early active economists who formulated the modern concept of human development theory were Mahbub ul Haq , Üner Kirdar , and Amartya Sen .

  3. Social effects of evolutionary theory - Wikipedia

    Evolution and ethics. The theory of evolution by natural selection has also been adopted as a foundation for various ethical and social systems, such as social Darwinism, an idea that preceded the publication of The Origin of Species, popular in the 19th century, which holds that "the survival of the fittest" (a phrase coined in 1851 by Herbert Spencer, 8 years before Darwin published his ...

  4. Recovery model - Wikipedia

    Advocates of Women's Empowerment Theory argue it is important to recognize that a recovering person's view of self is perpetuated by stereotypes and combating those narratives. Empowerment according to this logic requires reframing a survivor's view of self and the world.

  5. Standpoint feminism - Wikipedia

    Black feminist standpoint theory aims to bring awareness to these marginalized groups and offer ways to improve their position in society. Though similar in some ways, black feminist standpoint theory has many differences compared to the original theories of Dorothy Smith and Nancy Hartsock about standpoint theory. Black feminist standpoint ...

  6. Postcolonialism - Wikipedia

    Purpose and basic concepts. As an epistemology (i.e., a study of knowledge, its nature, and verifiability), ethics (moral philosophy), and as a political science (i.e., in its concern with affairs of the citizenry), the field of postcolonialism addresses the matters that constitute the postcolonial identity of a decolonized people, which derives from:

  7. Banking model of education - Wikipedia

    Banking model of education (Portuguese: modelo bancário de educação) is a term used by Paulo Freire to describe and critique the traditional education system. The name refers to the metaphor of students as containers into which educators must put knowledge.

  8. Terence McKenna - Wikipedia

    Terence McKenna was born and raised in Paonia, Colorado, with Irish ancestry on his father's side of the family.. McKenna developed a hobby of fossil-hunting in his youth and from this he acquired a deep scientific appreciation of nature.

  9. Homunculus - Wikipedia

    Preformationism is the formerly popular theory that animals developed from miniature versions of themselves. Sperm were believed to contain complete preformed individuals called "animalcules". Development was therefore a matter of enlarging this into a fully formed being. The term homunculus was later used in the discussion of conception and birth.