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  2. Demak Sultanate - Wikipedia

    The origin of Demak was the settlement named Glagah Wangi. According to tradition, the first person that Raden Patah encountered in Glagah Wangi was a woman named Nyai Lembah, from Rawa Pening. Nyai Lembah invited Raden Patah to settle in Glagah Wangi, which later was renamed as Demak Bintara. There are several suggestions on the origin of the ...

  3. Islam - Wikipedia

    Islam ( / ˈɪzlɑːm, ˈɪzlæm / IZ-la (h)m; [8] Arabic: ٱلْإِسْلَام, romanized : al-Islām, IPA: [alʔɪsˈlaːm], lit. 'submission [to the will of God ]') is an Abrahamic monotheistic religion centered on the Quran and the teachings of Muhammad, the religion's founder.

  4. History of Islam - Wikipedia

    The history of Islam concerns the political, social, economic, military, and cultural developments of the Islamic civilization.Most historians believe that Islam originated with Muhammad's mission in Mecca and Medina at the start of the 7th century CE, although Muslims regard this time as a return to the original faith passed down by the Abrahamic prophets, such as Adam, Noah, Abraham, Moses ...

  5. Early Muslims - Wikipedia

    Early Muslims. The mausoleum of Khadija in Mecca, before its demolition by the House of Saud in the 1920s. From 613 to 619 CE, the Islamic prophet Muhammad gathered in his hometown of Mecca a small following of those who embraced his message of Islam and thus became Muslims. The first person who professed Islam was his wife, Khadija bint Khuwaylid.

  6. Islam by country - Wikipedia

    Of the total Muslim population, 87–90% are Sunni and 10–13% are Shi'a. Most Shi'as (between 68% and 80%) live in mainly four countries: Iran, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, and Iraq. [30] Furthermore, there are concentrated Shi'a populations in Lebanon, Russia, China, Pakistan, Bangladesh and 10 sub-Saharan African countries. [31]

  7. Five Pillars of Islam - Wikipedia

    An Introduction to Shi'i Islam: The History and Doctrines of Twelver Shi'ism. Yale University Press. ISBN 978-0-300-03531-5. Levy, Reuben (1957). The Social Structure of Islam. UK: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-09182-4. Muhammad Husayn Tabatabaei (2002). Islamic teachings: An Overview and a Glance at the Life of the Holy Prophet of ...

  8. Muslims - Wikipedia

    In Shia Islam, the shahada also has a third part, a phrase concerning Ali, the first Shia Imam and the fourth Rashid caliph of Sunni Islam: وعليٌ وليُّ الله (wa ʿalīyyun walīyyu-llāh), which translates to "Ali is the wali of God". In Quranist Islam, the shahada is the testimony that there is no god but Allah (la ilaha illa'llah).

  9. Shia Islam - Wikipedia

    Shia Islam (/ ˈ ʃ iː ə /) is the second-largest branch of Islam.It holds that the Islamic prophet Muhammad designated Ali ibn Abi Talib (r. 656 – 661 CE) as his successor (khalīfa) and the Imam (spiritual and political leader) after him, most notably at the event of Ghadir Khumm, but was prevented from succeeding Muhammad as the leader of the Muslims as a result of the choice made by ...