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  2. Institutional investor - Wikipedia

    An institutional investor is an entity which pools money to purchase securities, real property, and other investment assets or originate loans.Institutional investors include commercial banks, central banks, credit unions, government-linked companies, insurers, pension funds, sovereign wealth funds, charities, hedge funds, REITs, investment advisors, endowments, and mutual funds.

  3. Unit investment trust - Wikipedia

    Types. A UIT portfolio may contain one of several different types of securities. The two main types are stock (equity) trusts and bond (fixed-income) trusts.. Unlike a mutual fund, a UIT is created for a specific length of time and is a fixed portfolio: its securities will not be sold or new ones bought except in certain limited situations (for instance, when a company is filing for bankruptcy ...

  4. Value investing - Wikipedia

    Value investing was established by Benjamin Graham and David Dodd, both professors at Columbia Business School and teachers of many famous investors. In Graham's book The Intelligent Investor, he advocated the important concept of margin of safety — first introduced in Security Analysis, a 1934 book he co-authored with David Dodd — which calls for an approach to investing that is focused ...

  5. List of asset management firms - Wikipedia

    For a fee, the company/firm provides more diversification, liquidity, and professional management consulting service than is normally available to individual investors. The diversification of portfolio is done by investing in such securities which are inversely correlated to each other.

  6. Active management - Wikipedia

    This approach analyzes the characteristics of individual investments to evaluate their risk and potential return. Quantitative analysis. This approach establishes a systematic process for buying and selling investments using data about individual investments. Active management may be used in all aspects of investing. It can be used for:

  7. Socially responsible investing - Wikipedia

    Socially responsible investing (SRI), social investment, sustainable socially conscious, "green" or ethical investing, is any investment strategy which seeks to consider both financial return and social/environmental good to bring about social change regarded as positive by proponents.

  8. Arbitrage pricing theory - Wikipedia

    Non-specific to any individual firm or industry; Compensated by the market via a risk premium; A random variable Arbitrage. Arbitrage is the practice whereby investors take advantage of slight variations in asset valuation from its fair price, to generate a profit. It is the realisation of a positive expected return from overvalued or ...

  9. Investment fund - Wikipedia

    Collective investments by their nature tend to invest in a range of individual securities. However, if the securities are all in a similar type of asset class or market sector then there is a systematic risk that all the shares could be affected by adverse market changes. To avoid this systematic risk investment managers may diversify into ...