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  2. Abbreviation - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abbreviation

    An abbreviation (from Latin brevis, meaning short) is a shortened form of a word or phrase, by any method.It may consist of a group of letters or words taken from the full version of the word or phrase; for example, the word abbreviation can itself be represented by the abbreviation abbr., abbrv., or abbrev.

  3. Medical prescription - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Medical_prescription

    Historically, it was a physician's instruction to an apothecary listing the materials to be compounded into a treatment—the symbol ℞ (a capital letter R, crossed to indicate abbreviation) comes from the first word of a medieval prescription, Latin: Recipere ("Take thou"), that gave the list of the materials to be compounded.

  4. List of medical abbreviations - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_medical_abbreviations

    Medical Abbreviations & Eponyms (2nd ed.). Philadelphia: Saunders. ISBN 978-0-7216-7088-1. External links. Glossary of Medical Terms - Tufts University; Medical Abbreviations EN English Medical Abbreviations for Android; JD.MD, Inc. online Medical & Dental Abbreviations Glossary; Acronyms for Medical & Dental professional organizations

  5. Premenstrual syndrome - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Premenstrual_syndrome

    The formal medical description of premenstrual syndrome (PMS) and the more severe, related diagnosis of premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) goes back at least 70 years to a paper presented at the New York Academy of Medicine by Robert T. Frank titled "Hormonal Causes of Premenstrual Tension".

  6. Professional degree - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Professional_degree

    The Bachelor of Medicine, or M.B., was the first medical degree to be granted in the United States and Canada. The first medical schools that granted the M.B. degree were at the University of Pennsylvania and Columbia University. Columbia University was the first American university to grant the M.D. degree in 1770, although, as in England ...

  7. Doctor of Philosophy - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Doctor_of_Philosophy

    The abbreviation DPhil, from the English 'Doctor of Philosophy', is used by a small number of British and Commonwealth universities, including Oxford, formerly York, and Sussex, as the abbreviation for degrees from those institutions. History Medieval and early modern Europe

  8. Qui tam - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Qui_tam

    History England and Wales. The historical antecedents of qui tam statutes lie in Roman and Anglo-Saxon law. Roman criminal prosecutions were typically initiated by private citizens and beginning no later than the Lex Pedia, it became common for Roman criminal statutes to offer a portion of the defendant's forfeited property to the initiator of the prosecution as a reward.

  9. Aktion T4 - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aktion_T4

    Aktion T4 Hitler's order for Aktion T4 Also known as T4 Program Location German-occupied Europe Date September 1939 – 1945 Incident type Forced euthanasia Perpetrators SS Participants Psychiatric hospitals Victims 275,000–300,000 [a] Aktion T4 (German) was a campaign of mass murder by involuntary euthanasia in Nazi Germany. [b] The term was first used in post- war trials against doctors ...