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  2. Solubility - Wikipedia

    The solution was initially prepared at 20 °C and then stored for 2 days at 4 °C. In chemistry, solubility is the ability of a substance, the solute, to form a solution with another substance, the solvent. Insolubility is the opposite property, the inability of the solute to form such a solution. The extent of the solubility of a substance in ...

  3. Solution (chemistry) - Wikipedia

    Solution (chemistry) Making a saline water solution by dissolving table salt ( NaCl) in water. The salt is the solute and the water the solvent. In chemistry, a solution is a special type of homogeneous mixture composed of two or more substances. In such a mixture, a solute is a substance dissolved in another substance, known as a solvent.

  4. Solvent - Wikipedia

    A solvent (from the Latin solvō, "loosen, untie, solve") is a substance that dissolves a solute, resulting in a solution. A solvent is usually a liquid but can also be a solid, a gas, or a supercritical fluid. Water is a solvent for polar molecules, and the most common solvent used by living things; all the ions and proteins in a cell are ...

  5. Solvation - Wikipedia

    Solvation or dissolution is a kinetic process and is quantified by its rate. Solubility quantifies the dynamic equilibrium state achieved when the rate of dissolution equals the rate of precipitation. The consideration of the units makes the distinction clearer. The typical unit for dissolution rate is mol/s.

  6. Salt (chemistry) - Wikipedia

    Salt (chemistry) In chemistry, a salt is a chemical compound consisting of an ionic assembly of positively charged cations and negatively charged anions, which results in a compound with no net electric charge. [1] A common example is table salt, with positively charged sodium ions and negatively charged chloride ions. The component ions in a ...

  7. Water - Wikipedia

    Water ( H 2 O) is a polar inorganic compound. At room temperature it is a tasteless and odorless liquid, nearly colorless with a hint of blue. This simplest hydrogen chalcogenide is by far the most studied chemical compound and is described as the "universal solvent" for its ability to dissolve many substances.