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  2. Password strength - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Password_strength

    Password creation. Passwords are created either automatically (using randomizing equipment) or by a human; the latter case is more common. While the strength of randomly chosen passwords against a brute-force attack can be calculated with precision, determining the strength of human-generated passwords is difficult.

  3. Password cracking - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Password_cracking

    The purpose of password cracking might be to help a user recover a forgotten password (due to the fact that installing an entirely new password would involve System Administration privileges), to gain unauthorized access to a system, or to act as a preventive measure whereby system administrators check for easily crackable passwords. On a file ...

  4. Millennium Development Goals - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Millennium_Development_Goals

    Examples abound, including Brazil's cash transfers, Uganda's eliminations of user fees and the subsequent huge increase in visits from the very poorest or else Mauritius's dual-track approach to liberalization (inclusive growth and inclusive development) aiding it on its road into the World Trade Organization.

  5. Key ceremony - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Key_Ceremony

    Examples. Example A: These passcodes are used for Strong identification and non-repudiation for email and web access. Unless the information being accessed or transmitted is valued in terms of millions of dollars, it is probably sufficient that the root key ceremony be conducted within the security of the vendor's laboratory.

  6. Multi-factor authentication - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Multi-factor_authentication

    Multi-factor authentication (MFA; encompassing authentication, or 2FA, along with similar terms) is an electronic authentication method in which a user is granted access to a website or application only after successfully presenting two or more pieces of evidence (or factors) to an authentication mechanism: knowledge (something only the user knows), possession (something only the user has ...

  7. Random number generation - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Random_number_generation

    Some simple examples might be presenting a user with a "random quote of the day", or determining which way a computer-controlled adversary might move in a computer game. Weaker forms of randomness are used in hash algorithms and in creating amortized searching and sorting algorithms .

  8. Data Protection Directive - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Data_Protection_Directive

    This definition is meant to be very broad. Data are "personal data" when someone is able to link the information to a person, even if the person holding the data cannot make this link. Some examples of "personal data" are: address, credit card number, bank statements, criminal record, etc.

  9. Disk encryption - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Disk_encryption

    Disk encryption is a technology which protects information by converting it into unreadable code that cannot be deciphered easily by unauthorized people. Disk encryption uses disk encryption software or hardware to encrypt every bit of data that goes on a disk or disk volume.