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  2. Random number generation - Wikipedia

    Random number generation is a process by which, often by means of a random number generator (RNG), a sequence of numbers or symbols that cannot be reasonably predicted better than by random chance is generated. This means that the particular outcome sequence will contain some patterns detectable in hindsight but unpredictable to foresight.

  3. Key (cryptography) - Wikipedia

    Key vs password. A password is a memorized series of characters including letters, digits, and other special symbols that are used to verify identity. It is often produced by a human user or a password management software to protect personal and sensitive information or generate cryptographic keys.

  4. Bitwarden - Wikipedia

    Bitwarden is a free/freemium open-source password management service that stores sensitive information such as website credentials in an encrypted vault. The platform offers a variety of client applications including a web interface, desktop applications, browser extensions, mobile apps, and a command-line interface.

  5. Pre-shared key - Wikipedia

    A sufficiently long, randomly chosen, key can resist any practical brute force attack, though not in principle if an attacker has sufficient computational power (see password strength and password cracking for more discussion). Unavoidably, however, pre-shared keys are held by both parties to the communication, and so can be compromised at one ...

  6. bcrypt - Wikipedia

    For example you cannot use bcrypt to derive a 512-bit key from a password. At the same time, algorithms like pbkdf2, scrypt, and argon2 are password-based key derivation functions - where the output is then used for the purpose of password hashing rather than just key derivation. Password hashing generally needs to complete < 1000 ms.

  7. Key derivation function - Wikipedia

    The crypt function's design also limits the user password to 8 characters, which limits the keyspace and makes strong passphrases impossible. [ citation needed ] Although high throughput is a desirable property in general-purpose hash functions, the opposite is true in password security applications in which defending against brute-force ...

  8. Wi-Fi Protected Access - Wikipedia

    Weak password Pre-shared key WPA and WPA2 remain vulnerable to password cracking attacks if users rely on a weak password or passphrase . WPA passphrase hashes are seeded from the SSID name and its length; rainbow tables exist for the top 1,000 network SSIDs and a multitude of common passwords, requiring only a quick lookup to speed up cracking ...

  9. Cryptography - Wikipedia

    Cryptography, or cryptology (from Ancient Greek: κρυπτός, romanized: kryptós "hidden, secret"; and γράφειν graphein, "to write", or -λογία-logia, "study", respectively), is the practice and study of techniques for secure communication in the presence of adversarial behavior.