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  2. Cultural consensus theory - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cultural_Consensus_Theory

    Cultural consensus theory is an approach to information pooling (aggregation, data fusion) which supports a framework for the measurement and evaluation of beliefs as cultural; shared to some extent by a group of individuals. Cultural consensus models guide the aggregation of responses from individuals to estimate (1) the culturally appropriate ...

  3. Scientific consensus - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scientific_consensus

    There are many philosophical and historical theories as to how scientific consensus changes over time. Because the history of scientific change is extremely complicated, and because there is a tendency to project "winners" and "losers" onto the past in relation to our current scientific consensus, it is very difficult to come up with accurate and rigorous models for scientific change.

  4. Consensus democracy - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Consensus_democracy

    Consensus democracy, consensus politics or consensualism is the application of consensus decision-making to the process of legislation in a democracy.It is characterized by a decision-making structure that involves and takes into account as broad a range of opinions as possible, as opposed to systems where minority opinions can potentially be ignored by vote-winning majorities.

  5. List of conspiracy theories - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_conspiracy_theories

    This is a list of conspiracy theories that are notable. Many conspiracy theories relate to clandestine government plans and elaborate murder plots. Conspiracy theories usually deny consensus or cannot be proven using the historical or scientific method, and are not to be confused with research concerning verified conspiracies such as Germany's pretense for invading Poland in World War II.

  6. Theory of change - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Theory_of_change

    Theory of Change ( ToC) is a methodology for planning, participation, adaptive management, and evaluation that is used in companies, philanthropy, not-for-profit, international development, research, and government sectors to promote social change. Theory of Change defines long-term goals and then maps backward to identify necessary preconditions.

  7. Hallin's spheres - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hallin's_spheres

    Hallin's spheres: sphere of consensus, sphere of controversy and sphere of deviance. Hallin's spheres is a theory of news reporting and its rhetorical framing posited by journalism historian Daniel C. Hallin in his book The Uncensored War (1986) to explain the coverage of the Vietnam war. Hallin divides the world of political discourse into ...

  8. Theory-ladenness - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Theory-ladenness

    Theory-ladenness poses a problem for the confirmation of scientific theories since the observational evidence may already implicitly presuppose the thesis it is supposed to justify. This effect can present a challenge for reaching scientific consensus if the disagreeing parties make different observations due to their different theoretical ...

  9. A Theory of Justice - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/A_Theory_of_Justice

    A Theory of Justice is a 1971 work of political philosophy and ethics (a revised edition was published in 1999) by the philosopher John Rawls (1921-2002) in which the author attempts to provide a moral theory alternative to utilitarianism and that addresses the problem of distributive justice (the socially just distribution of goods in a society).