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Crime opportunity theory suggests that offenders make rational choices and thus choose targets that offer a high reward with little effort and risk. The occurrence of a crime depends on two things: the presence of at least one motivated offender who is ready and willing to engage in a crime, and the conditions of the environment in which that offender is situated, to wit, opportunities for crime.
Political opportunity theory, also known as the political process theory or political opportunity structure, is an approach of social movements that is heavily influenced by political sociology. It argues that success or failure of social movements is affected primarily by political opportunities.
A Theory of Justice is a 1971 work of political philosophy and ethics by the philosopher John Rawls, in which the author attempts to provide a moral theory alternative to utilitarianism and that addresses the problem of distributive justice (the socially just distribution of goods in a society).
The theory looks at the internal factors of a country while assuming that with assistance, "traditional" countries can be brought to development in the same manner more developed countries have been. Modernization theory was a dominant paradigm in the social sciences in the 1950s and 1960s, then went into a deep eclipse.
Opportunity costs are unavoidable constraints on behaviour because one has to decide what's best and give up the next-best alternative. Price Theory [ edit ] Price theory is a field of economics that uses the supply and demand framework to explain and predict human behavior.
Game theory is the study of mathematical models of strategic interactions among rational agent. It has applications in all fields of social science, as well as in logic, systems science and computer science.
In computational complexity theory, SL is the class of problems log-space reducible to the problem of determining whether two vertices in a graph are connected, which was proved to be equal to L by Omer Reingold in 2004. Hence, undirected graph connectivity may be solved in O(log n) space.
Crime pattern theory is a way of explaining why people commit crimes in certain areas.. Crime is random, it is either planned or opportunistic.According to the theory crime happens when the activity space of a victim or target intersects with the activity space of an offender.