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  2. Sandakada pahana - Wikipedia

    Sandakada Pahana, also known as Moonstone, is a unique feature of the architecture of ancient Sri Lanka. [1] [2] [3] It is an elaborately carved semi-circular stone slab, usually placed at the bottom of staircases and entrances. First seen in the latter stage of the Anuradhapura period, the sandakada pahana evolved through the Polonnaruwa ...

  3. Hinduism in Sri Lanka - Wikipedia

    Hinduism is one of Sri Lanka's oldest religions, with temples dating back over 2,000 years. [1] As of 2011, Hindus made up 12.6% of the Sri Lankan population. [2] They are almost exclusively Tamils, except for small immigrant communities from India and Pakistan (including the Sindhis, Telugus and Malayalis ).

  4. History of Sri Lanka - Wikipedia

    The history of Sri Lanka is unique because the relevance and richness of it extends beyond the areas of South Asia, Southeast Asia and the Indian Ocean. The early human remains which were found on the island of Sri Lanka date back to about 38,000 years ago ( Balangoda Man ). The historical period roughly begins in the 3rd century CE, based on ...

  5. Mahabharata - Wikipedia

    Synopsis. Ganesha writes the Mahabharata upon Vyasa's dictation. The core story of the work is that of a dynastic struggle for the throne of Hastinapura, the kingdom ruled by the Kuru clan. The two collateral branches of the family that participate in the struggle are the Kaurava and the Pandava.

  6. Shri - Wikipedia

    Sri Lanka, an island country at the southern tip of India. Sri Perumbudur, a town in the state of Tamil Nadu; Sri Rangam, an island zone in the city of Tiruchirapalli, in Tamil Nadu. Srinagar, nagar meaning "city", is the capital of the Union territory of Jammu and Kashmir; Sri Jayawardenapura Kotte, the administrative capital of Sri Lanka.

  7. Culture of Sri Lanka - Wikipedia

    The culture of Sri Lanka mixes modern elements with traditional aspects and is known for its regional diversity. Sri Lankan culture has long been influenced by the heritage of Theravada Buddhism passed on from India, and the religion's legacy is particularly strong in Sri Lanka's southern and central regions.

  8. Sri Lanka - Wikipedia

    Sri Lanka's population, (1871–2001) Sri Lanka has roughly 22,156,000 people and an annual population growth rate of 0.5%. The birth rate is 13.8 births per 1,000 people, and the death rate is 6.0 deaths per 1,000 people. [266] Population density is highest in western Sri Lanka, especially in and around the capital.

  9. The Buddha - Wikipedia

    Etymology, names and titles The Buddha, Tapa Shotor monastery in Hadda, Afghanistan, 2nd century CE Siddhārtha Gautama and Buddha Shakyamuni. According to Donald Lopez Jr., "... he tended to be known as either Buddha or Sakyamuni in China, Korea, Japan, and Tibet, and as either Gotama Buddha or Samana Gotama ('the ascetic Gotama') in Sri Lanka and Southeast Asia."